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North Carolina Criminal Law and Procedure

Extracts the statutes pertinent to criminal law and procedure, controlled substance law, corrections and many related topics.

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North Carolina Criminal Law and Procedure extracts the statutes pertinent to criminal law and procedure, controlled substance law, corrections and many related topics. Our staff of lawyer-editors has closely tracked the changes to North Carolina's criminal laws during the recent legislative session and has reviewed and expanded the scope of this volume accordingly.

North Carolina Criminal Law and Procedure has been designed for ready reference. Its topical index helps you access applicable points of law instantly. No other publication brings together relevant criminal law in such an easy-to-use format.

The eBook versions of this title feature links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options.

Table of Contents

Sections Affected by 2018 Legislation

Chapter 1. Civil Procedure.
Article 1. Definitions, §§ 1-1 to 1-7
Article 19. Trial, § 1-180.1
Chapter 1A. Rules of Civil Procedure, § 1A-1
Article 6. Trials, Rule 45
Chapter 4. Common Law, § 4-1
Chapter 5A. Contempt.
Article 1. Criminal Contempt, §§ 5A-1 to 5A-20
Article 2. Civil Contempt, §§ 5A-21 to 5A-30
Article 3. Contempt by Juveniles, §§ 5A-31 to 5A-34
Chapter 6. Liability for Court Costs.
Article 5. Liability of Counties in Criminal Actions, §§ 6-36 to 6-44
Article 6. Liability of Defendant in Criminal Actions, §§ 6-45 to 6-48
Article 7. Liability of Prosecuting Witness for Costs, §§ 6-49, 6-50
Article 8. Fees of Witnesses, §§ 6-51 to 6-63
Chapter 7A. Judicial Department.
Article 1. Judicial Power and Organization, §§ 7A-1 to 7A-4
Article 1A. Retention Elections, §§ 7A-4.1 to 7A-4.19
Article 1B. Age Limits for Service as Justice or Judge, §§ 7A-4.20, 7A-4.21
Article 2. Appellate Division Organization, §§ 7A-5 to 7A-9
Article 3. The Supreme Court, §§ 7A-10 to 7A-15
Article 4. Court of Appeals, §§ 7A-16 to 7A-24
Article 5. Jurisdiction, §§ 7A-25 to 7A-39
Article 6. Retirement of Justices and Judges of the Appellate Division; Retirement Compensation; Recall to Emergency Service; Disability Retirement, §§ 7A-39.1 to 7A-39.15
Article 7. Organization, §§ 7A-40 to 7A-49.5
Article 8. Retirement of Judges of the Superior Court; Retirement Compensation for Superior Court Judges; Recall to Emergency Service of Judges of the District and Superior Court; Disability Retirement for Judges of the Superior Court, §§ 7A-50 to 7A-59
Article 9. District Attorneys and Prosecutorial Districts, §§ 7A-60 to 7A-69.1
Article 10. [Reserved]
Article 11. Special Regulations, §§ 7A-95 to 7A-99
Article 12. Clerk of Superior Court, §§ 7A-100 to 7A-129
Article 13. Creation and Organization of the District Court Division, §§ 7A-130 to 7A-139
Article 14. District Judges, §§ 7A-140 to 7A-159
Article 15. District Prosecutors [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 16. Magistrates, §§ 7A-170 to 7A-179
Article 17. Clerical Functions in the District Court, §§ 7A-180 to 7A-189
Article 18. District Court Practice and Procedure Generally, §§ 7A-190 to 7A-209
Article 19. Small Claim Actions in District Court, §§ 7A-210 to 7A-239
Article 20. Original Civil Jurisdiction of the Trial Divisions, §§ 7A-240 to 7A-254
Article 21. Institution, Docketing, and Transferring Civil Causes in the Trial Divisions, §§ 7A-255 to 7A-269
Article 22. Jurisdiction of the Trial Divisions in Criminal Actions, §§ 7A-270 to 7A-276
Article 22A. Prohibited Orders, § 7A-276.1
Article 23. Jurisdiction and Procedure Applicable to Children [Repealed]
Article 24. Juvenile Services [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 24A. Delinquency Prevention and Youth Services [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 24B. Termination of Parental Rights [Repealed and Recodified]
Article 25. Jurisdiction and Procedure in Criminal Appeals from District Courts, § 7A-290
Article 26. Additional Powers of District Court Judges and Magistrates, §§ 7A-291 to 7A-299
Article 27. Expenses of the Judicial Department, §§ 7A-300 to 7A-303
Article 28. Uniform Costs and Fees in the Trial Divisions, §§ 7A-304 to 7A-339
Article 29. Administrative Office of the Courts, §§ 7A-340 to 7A-354
Article 29A. Trial Court Administrators, §§ 7A-355 to 7A-374
Article 30. Judicial Standards Commission, §§ 7A-374.1 to 7A-399
Article 31. Judicial Council [Repealed]
Article 31A. State Judicial Council, §§ 7A-409 to 7A-409.2
Article 31B. Declaration of Vacancy, Suspension of Salary, §§ 7A-410, 7A-410.1
Article 32. Conference of District Attorneys, §§ 7A-411 to 7A-414
Articles 33 to 35. [Reserved]
Article 36. Entitlement of Indigent Persons Generally, §§ 7A-450 to 7A-464
Article 37. The Public Defender [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 37A. Access to Civil Justice Act [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 37B. Domestic Violence Victim Assistance Act, §§ 7A-474.16 to 7A-474.20
Article 38. Appellate Defender Office, §§ 7A-475 to 7A-485 [Expired]
Article 38A. Appellate Defender Office [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 39. Guardian Ad Litem Program [Repealed]
Article 39A. Custody and Visitation Mediation Program, §§ 7A-494 to 7A-497
Article 39B. Indigent Defense Services Act, §§ 7A-498 to 7A-499
Article 40. North Carolina Courts Commission [Repealed]
Article 40A. North Carolina Courts Commission, §§ 7A-506 to 7A-515
Article 41. Purpose; Definitions [Repealed]
Article 42. Jurisdiction [Repealed]
Article 43. Screening of Delinquency and Undisciplined Petitions [Repealed]
Article 44. Screening of Abuse and Neglect Complaints [Repealed]
Article 45. Venue; Petition; Summons [Repealed]
Article 46. Temporary Custody; Secure and Nonsecure Custody; Custody Hearings [Repealed and Recodified]
Article 47. Basic Rights [Repealed]
Article 48. Law-Enforcement Procedures in Delinquency Proceedings [Repealed]
Article 49. Transfer to Superior Court [Repealed]
Article 50. Discovery [Repealed]
Article 51. Hearing Procedures [Repealed]
Article 52. Dispositions [Repealed and Recodified]
Article 53. Modification and Enforcement of Dispositional Orders; Appeals [Repealed]
Article 54. Juvenile Records and Social Reports [Repealed]
Article 55. Interstate Compact on Juveniles [Repealed]
Article 56. Emancipation [Repealed]
Article 57. Judicial Consent for Emergency Surgical or Medical Treatment [Repealed]
Article 58. Juvenile Law Study Commission [Repealed]
Article 59. [Repealed]
Article 60. Office of Administrative Hearings, §§ 7A-750 to 7A-769
Article 61. Sentencing Services Program, §§ 7A-770 to 7A-789
Article 62. North Carolina Drug Treatment Court Act, §§ 7A-790 to 7A-804
Article 63. Conference of Clerks of Superior Court, §§ 7A-805 to 7A-809
Chapter 7B. Juvenile Code.
Article 1. Purposes; Definitions, §§ 7B-100, 7B-101
Article 2. Jurisdiction, §§ 7B-200 to 7B-299
Article 3. Screening of Abuse and Neglect Complaints, §§ 7B-300 to 7B-319
Article 3A. Judicial Review; Responsible Individuals List, §§ 7B-320 to 7B-399
Article 4. Venue; Petitions, §§ 7B-400 to 7B-413
Article 5. Temporary Custody; Nonsecure Custody; Custody Hearings, §§ 7B-500 to 7B-508
Article 6. Basic Rights, §§ 7B-600 to 7B-603
Article 7. Discovery, § 7B-700
Article 8. Hearing Procedures, §§ 7B-800 to 7B-808
Article 9. Dispositions, §§ 7B-900 to 7B-912
Article 10. Modification and Enforcement of Dispositional Orders; Appeals, §§ 7B1000 to 7B-1004
Article 11. Termination of Parental Rights, §§ 7B-1100 to 7B-1114
Article 12. Guardian Ad Litem Program, §§ 7B-1200 to 7B-1204
Article 13. Prevention of Abuse and Neglect, §§ 7B-1300 to 7B-1302
Article 14. North Carolina Child Fatality Prevention System, §§ 7B-1400 to 7B-1414
Article 15. Purposes; Definitions, §§ 7B-1500, 7B-1501
Article 16. Jurisdiction, §§ 7B-1600 to 7B-1604
Article 17. Screening of Delinquency and Undisciplined Complaints, §§ 7B-1700 to 7B-1707
Article 18. Venue; Petition; Summons, §§ 7B-1800 to 7B-1808
Article 19. Temporary Custody; Secure and Nonsecure Custody; Custody Hearings, §§ 7B-1900 to 7B-1907
Article 20. Basic Rights, §§ 7B-2000 to 7B-2002
Article 21. Law Enforcement Procedures in Delinquency Proceedings, §§ 7B-2100 to 7B-2109
Article 22. Probable Cause Hearing and Transfer Hearing, §§ 7B-2200 to 7B-2204
Article 23. Discovery, §§ 7B-2300 to 7B-2303
Article 24. Hearing Procedures, §§ 7B-2400 to 7B-2414
Article 25. Dispositions, §§ 7B-2500 to 7B-2517
Article 26. Modification and Enforcement of Dispositional Orders; Appeals, §§ 7B2600 to 7B-2606
Article 27. Authority over Parents of Juveniles Adjudicated Delinquent or Undisciplined, §§ 7B-2700 to 7B-2706
Article 28. Interstate Compact on Juveniles [Repealed]
Article 29. Records and Social Reports of Cases of Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency, §§ 7B-2900 to 7B-2902
Article 30. Juvenile Records and Social Reports of Delinquency and Undisciplined Cases, §§ 7B-3000, 7B-3001
Article 31. Disclosure of Juvenile Information, §§ 7B-3100 to 7B-3102
Article 32. Expunction of Juvenile Records, §§ 7B-3200 to 7B-3202
Article 33. Computation of Recidivism Rates [Repealed]
Article 34. Parental Authority over Juveniles, §§ 7B-3400 to 7B-3404
Article 35. Emancipation, §§ 7B-3500 to 7B-3509
Article 36. Judicial Consent for Emergency Surgical or Medical Treatment, § 7B-3600
Article 37. Placing or Adoption of Juvenile Delinquents or Dependents, §§ 7B-3700 to 7B-3705
Article 38. Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, §§ 7B-3800 to 7B-3806
Article 39. Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance, §§ 7B-3900 to 7B-3906
Article 40. Interstate Compact for Juveniles, §§ 7B-4000 to 7B-4002
Chapter 8. Evidence.
Article 1. Statutes, §§ 8-1 to 8-5
Article 2. Grants, Deeds and Wills, §§ 8-6 to 8-33
Article 3. Public Records, §§ 8-34 to 8-37
Article 3A. Findings, Records and Reports of Federal Officers and Employees, §§ 8-37.1 to 8-37.3
Article 4. Other Writings in Evidence, §§ 8-38 to 8-45
Article 4A. Photographic Copies of Business and Public Records, §§ 8-45.1 to 8-45.4
Article 4B. Evidence of Fraud, Duress, Undue Influence, § 8-45.5
Article 5. Life Tables, §§ 8-46, 8-47
Article 6. Calendars, § 8-48
Article 7. Competency of Witnesses, §§ 8-49 to 8-58.5
Article 7A. Restrictions on Evidence in Rape Cases [Repealed]
Article 7B. Expert Testimony [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 7C. Admissibility of Forensic Evidence, §§ 8-58.20 to 8-58.49
Article 7D. Environmental Audit Privilege and Limited Immunity, §§ 8-58.50 to 8-58.63
Article 8. Attendance of Witness, §§ 8-59 to 8-64
Article 9. Attendance of Witnesses from Without State [Transferred]
Article 10. Depositions, §§ 8-71 to 8-84
Article 11. Perpetuation of Testimony, §§ 8-85 to 8-88
Article 12. Inspection and Production of Writings [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 13. Photographs, §§ 8-97 to 8-102
Article 14. Chain of Custody, §§ 8-103 to 8-109
Article 15. Mediation Negotiations, § 8-110
Chapter 8B. Interpreters for Deaf Persons, §§ 8B-1 to 8B-10
Chapter 8C. Evidence Code, § 8C-1
Article 1. General Provisions, Rules 101 to 106
Article 2. Judicial Notice, Rule 201
Article 3. Presumptions in Civil Actions and Proceedings, Rules 301, 302
Article 4. Relevancy and Its Limits, Rules 401 to 415
Article 5. Privileges, Rule 501
Article 6. Witnesses, Rules 601 to 616
Article 7. Opinions and Expert Testimony, Rules 701 to 706
Article 8. Hearsay, Rules 801 to 806
Article 9. Authentication and Identification, Rules 901 to 903
Article 10. Contents of Writings, Recordings and Photographs, Rules 1001 to 1008
Article 11. Miscellaneous Rules, Rules 1101, 1102
Chapter 9. Jurors.
Article 1. Jury Commissions, Preparation of Jury Lists, and Drawing of Panels, §§ 9-1 to 9-9
Article 2. Petit Jurors, §§ 9-10 to 9-18
Article 3. Peremptory Challenges, §§ 9-19 to 9-21
Article 4. Grand Jurors [Repealed]
Article 5. Discharge of Jurors Prohibited, § 9-32
Chapter 12. Statutory Construction, §§ 12-1 to 12-4
Chapter 13. Citizenship Restored, §§ 13-1 to 13-10
Chapter 14. Criminal Law.
Article 1. Felonies and Misdemeanors, §§ 14-1 to 14-4
Article 2. Principals and Accessories, §§ 14-5 to 14-7
Article 2A. Habitual Felons, §§ 14-7.1 to 14-7.6
Article 2B. Violent Habitual Felons, §§ 14-7.7 to 14-7.19
Article 2C. Continuing Criminal Enterprise, §§ 14-7.20 to 14-7.24
Article 2D. Habitual Breaking and Entering Status Offense, §§ 14-7.25 to 14-7.34
Article 2E. Armed Habitual Felon, §§ 14-7.35 to 14-7.41
Article 2F. Crimes by Unmanned Aircraft Systems, § 14-7.45
Article 3. Rebellion, §§ 14-8 to 14-10
Article 3A. Terrorism, § 14-10.1
Article 4. Subversive Activities, §§ 14-11 to 14-12.1
Article 4A. Prohibited Secret Societies and Activities, §§ 14-12.2 to 14-12.15
Article 5. Counterfeiting and Issuing Monetary Substitutes, §§ 14-13 to 14-16.5
Article 5A. Endangering Executive, Legislative, and Court Officers, §§ 14-16.6 to 14-16.10
Article 6. Homicide, §§ 14-17 to 14-23
Article 6A. Unborn Victims, §§ 14-23.1 to 14-23.8
Article 7. Rape and Kindred Offenses [Repealed]
Article 7A. Rape and Other Sex Offenses [Recodified]
Article 7B. Rape and Other Sex Offenses, §§ 14-27.20 to 14-27.36
Article 8. Assaults, §§ 14-28 to 14-34.10
Article 9. Hazing, §§ 14-35 to 14-38
Article 10. Kidnapping and Abduction, §§ 14-39 to 14-43.9
Article 10A. Human Trafficking, §§ 14-43.10 to 14-43.20
Article 11. Abortion and Kindred Offenses, §§ 14-44 to 14-46.1
Article 12. Libel and Slander, §§ 14-47, 14-48
Article 13. Malicious Injury or Damage by Use of Explosive or Incendiary Device or Material, §§ 14-49 to 14-50.14
Article 13A. North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act, §§ 14-50.15 to 14-50.40
Article 13B. North Carolina Criminal Gang Nuisance Abatement Act, §§ 14-50.41 to 14-50.43
Article 14. Burglary and Other Housebreakings, §§ 14-51 to 14-57
Article 15. Arson and Other Burnings, §§ 14-58 to 14-69.3
Article 16. Larceny, §§ 14-70 to 14-86.4
Article 16A. Organized Retail Theft, §§ 14-86.5, 14-86.6
Article 17. Robbery, §§ 14-87 to 14-89.1
Article 18. Embezzlement, §§ 14-90 to 14-99
Article 19. False Pretenses and Cheats, §§ 14-100 to 14-113
Article 19A. Obtaining Property or Services by False or Fraudulent Use of Credit Device or Other Means, §§ 14-113.1 to 14-113.7A
Article 19B. Financial Transaction Card Crime Act, §§ 14-113.8 to 14-113.19
Article 19C. Identity Theft, §§ 14-113.20 to 14-113.29
Article 19D. Telephone Records Privacy Protection Act, §§ 14-113.30 to 14-113.33
Article 20. Frauds, §§ 14-114 to 14-118.9
Article 20A. Residential Mortgage Fraud Act, §§ 14-118.10 to 14-118.17
Article 21. Forgery, §§ 14-119 to 14-125
Article 22. Damages and Other Offenses to Land and Fixtures, §§ 14-126 to 14-159.5
Article 22A. Trespassing upon ‘‘Posted’’ Property to Hunt, Fish, Trap, or Remove Pine Needles/Straw, §§ 14-159.6 to 14-159.10
Article 22B. First and Second Degree Trespass, §§ 14-159.11 to 14-159.19
Article 22C. Cave Protection Act, §§ 14-159.20 to 14-159.23
Article 23. Trespasses to Personal Property, §§ 14-160 to 14-164
Article 24. Vehicles and Draft Animals—Protection of Bailor Against Acts of Bailee, §§ 14-165 to 14-169
Article 25. Regulating the Leasing of Storage Batteries [Repealed]
Article 26. Offenses Against Public Morality and Decency, §§ 14-177 to 14-202.9
Article 26A. Adult Establishments, §§ 14-202.10 to 14-202.13
Article 27. Prostitution, §§ 14-203 to 14-208.4
Article 27A. Sex Offender and Public Protection Registration Programs, §§ 14-208.5 to 14-208.45
Article 28. Perjury, §§ 14-209 to 14-216
Article 29. Bribery, §§ 14-217 to 14-220
Article 30. Obstructing Justice, §§ 14-221 to 14-227
Article 30A. Secret Listening, §§ 14-227.1 to 14-227.3
Article 31. Misconduct in Public Office, §§ 14-228 to 14-252
Article 32. Misconduct in Private Office, §§ 14-253, 14-254
Article 33. Prison Breach and Prisoners, §§ 14-255 to 14-265
Article 34. Custodial Institutions, §§ 14-266 to 14-268
Article 35. Offenses Against the Public Peace, §§ 14-269 to 14-277.8
Article 36. Offenses Against the Public Safety, §§ 14-278 to 14-288
Article 36A. Riots, Civil Disorders, and Emergencies, §§ 14-288.1 to 14-288.20A
Article 36B. Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical Weapons of Mass Destruction, §§ 14-288.21 to 14-288.24
Article 37. Lotteries, Gaming, Bingo and Raffles, §§ 14-289 to 14-309.20
Article 38. Marathon Dances and Similar Endurance Contests [Repealed]
Article 39. Protection of Minors, §§ 14-313 to 14-321.2
Article 40. Protection of the Family, §§ 14-322 to 14-326.1
Article 41. Alcoholic Beverages, §§ 14-327 to 14-332
Article 42. Public Drunkenness [Repealed]
Article 43. Vagrants and Tramps [Repealed]
Article 44. Regulation of Sales, §§ 14-342 to 14-346.2
Article 45. Regulation of Employer and Employee, §§ 14-347 to 14-357.1
Article 46. Regulation of Landlord and Tenant, §§ 14-358, 14-359
Article 47. Cruelty to Animals, §§ 14-360 to 14-363.3
Article 48. Animal Diseases [Repealed]
Article 49. Protection of Livestock Running at Large, §§ 14-365 to 14-369
Article 50. Protection of Letters, Telegrams, and Telephone Messages, §§ 14-370 to 14-372
Article 51. Protection of Athletic Contests, §§ 14-373 to 14-380
Article 51A. Protection of Horse Shows, §§ 14-380.1 to 14-380.4
Article 52. Miscellaneous Police Regulations, §§ 14-381 to 14-401.25
Article 52A. Sale of Weapons in Certain Counties, §§ 14-402 to 14-409
Article 53. Sale of Weapons in Certain Other Counties [Repealed]
Article 53A. Other Firearms, §§ 14-409.10 to 14-409.38
Article 53B. Firearm Regulation, §§ 14-409.39 to 14-409.44
Article 53C. Sport Shooting Range Protection Act of 1997, §§ 14-409.45 to 14-409.47
Article 54. Sale, etc., of Pyrotechnics, §§ 14-410 to 14-415
Article 54A. The Felony Firearms Act, §§ 14-415.1 to 14-415.9
Article 54B. Concealed Handgun Permit, §§ 14-415.10 to 14-415.27
Article 55. Regulation of Certain Reptiles, §§ 14-416 to 14-422
Article 56. Debt Adjusting, §§ 14-423 to 14-426
Article 57. Use, Sale, etc., of Glues Releasing Toxic Vapors [Repealed]
Article 58. Records, Tapes and Other Recorded Devices, §§ 14-432 to 14-440
Article 58A. Audiovisual Recordings, §§ 14-440.1 to 14-442
Article 59. Public Intoxication, §§ 14-443 to 14-452
Article 60. Computer-Related Crime, §§ 14-453 to 14-459
Article 61. Trains and Railroads, §§ 14-460, 14-461
Chapter 15. Criminal Procedure.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 15-1 to 15-10.4
Article 2. Record and Disposition of Seized, etc., Articles, §§ 15-11 to 15-17
Article 3. Warrants, §§ 15-18 to 15-24.1
Article 4. Search Warrants [Repealed]
Article 4A. Administrative Search and Inspection Warrants, § 15-27.2
Article 5. Peace Warrants [Repealed]
Article 6. Arrest, §§ 15-39 to 15-47
Article 7. Fugitives from Justice, §§ 15-48 to 15-54
Article 8. Extradition [Transferred]
Article 9. Preliminary Examination [Repealed]
Article 10. Bail [Repealed]
Article 11. Forfeiture of Bail [Repealed]
Article 12. Commitment to Prison, §§ 15-125 to 15-127
Article 13. Venue, §§ 15-128 to 15-136
Article 14. Presentment [Repealed]
Article 15. Indictment, §§ 15-140 to 15-155
Article 15A. Investigation of Offenses Involving Abandonment and Nonsupport of Children, §§ 15-155.1 to 15-155.3
Article 15B. Pretrial Examination of Witnesses and Exhibits of the State [Repealed]
Article 16. Trial Before Justice [Repealed]
Article 17. Trial in Superior Court, §§ 15-162 to 15-176.2
Article 17A. Informing Jury in Case Involving Death Penalty, §§ 15-176.3 to 15-176.8
Article 17B. Informing Jury of Possible Punishment upon Conviction, § 15-176.9
Article 18. Appeal [Repealed]
Article 19. Execution, §§ 15-187 to 15-196
Article 19A. Credits Against the Service of Sentences and for Attainment of Prison Privileges, §§ 15-196.1 to 15-196.4
Article 20. Suspension of Sentence and Probation, §§ 15-197 to 15-209
Article 21. Segregation of Youthful Offenders [Repealed]
Article 22. Review of Criminal Trials [Repealed and Recodified]
Article 23. Expunction of Records [Recodified]
Chapter 15A. Criminal Procedure Act.
Article 1. Definitions and General Provisions, §§ 15A-1 to 15A-101.1
Article 2. Jurisdiction [Reserved]
Article 3. Venue, §§ 15A-131 to 15A-140
Article 4. Entry and Withdrawal of Attorney in Criminal Case, §§ 15A-141 to 15A-144
Article 5. Expunction of Records, §§ 15A-145 to 15A-173
Article 6. Certificate of Relief, §§ 15A-173.1 to 15A-200
Article 7. [Reserved]
Article 8. Electronic Recording of Interrogations, §§ 15A-211 to 15A-219
Article 8A. SBI and State Crime Laboratory Access to View and Analyze Recordings, § 15A-220
Article 9. Search and Seizure by Consent, §§ 15A-221 to 15A-230
Article 10. Other Searches and Seizures, §§ 15A-231 to 15A-240
Article 11. Search Warrants, §§ 15A-241 to 15A-259
Article 12. Pen Registers; Trap and Trace Devices, §§ 15A-260 to 15A-265
Article 13. DNA Database and Databank, §§ 15A-266 to 15A-270.1
Article 14. Nontestimonial Identification, §§ 15A-271 to 15A-284.49
Article 14A. Eyewitness Identification Reform Act, §§ 15A-284.50 to 15A-284.53
Article 15. Urgent Necessity, § 15A-285
Article 16. Electronic Surveillance, §§ 15A-286 to 15A-298
Article 16A. Discontinuation of Telecommunications Services, §§ 15A-299, 15A-300
Article 16B. Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems, §§ 15A-300.1 to 15A-300.3
Article 17. Criminal Process, §§ 15A-301 to 15A-310
Article 18. Identification Documents, § 15A-311
Article 19. [Reserved]
Article 20. Arrest, §§ 15A-401 to 15A-409
Article 21. [Reserved]
Article 22. [Reserved]
Article 23. Police Processing and Duties upon Arrest, §§ 15A-501 to 15A-510
Article 24. Initial Appearance, §§ 15A-511 to 15A-520
Article 25. Commitment, §§ 15A-521 to 15A-530
Article 26. Bail, §§ 15A-531 to 15A-547.6
Article 27. [Reserved]
Article 28. [Reserved]
Article 29. First Appearance Before District Court Judge, §§ 15A-601 to 15A-610
Article 30. Probable-Cause Hearing, §§ 15A-611 to 15A-620
Article 31. The Grand Jury and Its Proceedings, §§ 15A-621 to 15A-640
Article 32. Indictment and Related Instruments, §§ 15A-641 to 15A-646
Article 33. [Reserved]
Article 34. [Reserved]
Article 35. Speedy Trial [Repealed]
Article 36. Special Criminal Process for Attendance of Defendants, §§ 15A-711 to 15A-720
Article 37. Uniform Criminal Extradition Act, §§ 15A-721 to 15A-760
Article 38. Interstate Agreement on Detainers, §§ 15A-761 to 15A-770
Article 39. Other Special Process for Attendance of Defendants, §§ 15A-771 to 15A-773
Article 40. [Reserved]
Article 41. [Reserved]
Article 42. Attendance of Witnesses Generally, §§ 15A-801 to 15A-810
Article 43. Uniform Act to Secure Attendance of Witnesses from Without a State in Criminal Proceedings, §§ 15A-811 to 15A-820
Article 44. Securing Attendance of Prisoners as Witnesses, §§ 15A-821 to 15A-823
Article 45. Fair Treatment for Certain Victims and Witnesses, §§ 15A-824 to 15A-829
Article 46. Crime Victims’ Rights Act, §§ 15A-830 to 15A-849
Article 47. [Reserved]
Article 48. Discovery in the Superior Court, §§ 15A-901 to 15A-920
Article 49. Pleadings and Joinder, §§ 15A-921 to 15A-930
Article 50. Voluntary Dismissal, §§ 15A-931 to 15A-940
Article 51. Arraignment, §§ 15A-941 to 15A-950
Article 52. Motions Practice, §§ 15A-951 to 15A-970
Article 53. Motion to Suppress Evidence, §§ 15A-971 to 15A-980
Article 54. [Reserved]
Article 55. [Reserved]
Article 56. Incapacity to Proceed, §§ 15A-1001 to 15A-1010
Article 57. Pleas, §§ 15A-1011 to 15A-1020
Article 58. Procedures Relating to Guilty Pleas in Superior Court, §§ 15A-1021 to 15A-1029
Article 58A. Procedures Relating to Felony Guilty Pleas in District Court, §§ 15A1029.1, 15A-1030
Article 59. Maintenance of Order in the Courtroom, §§ 15A-1031 to 15A-1039
Article 60. [Reserved]
Article 61. Granting of Immunity to Witnesses, §§ 15A-1051 to 15A-1060
Article 62. Mistrial, §§ 15A-1061 to 15A-1070
Article 63. [Reserved]
Article 64. [Reserved]
Article 65. In General, §§ 15A-1101 to 15A-1110
Article 66. Procedure for Hearing and Disposition of Infractions, §§ 15A-1111 to 15A-1118
Articles 67 to 70. [Reserved]
Article 71. Right to Trial by Jury, §§ 15A-1201 to 15A-1210
Article 72. Selecting and Impaneling the Jury, §§ 15A-1211 to 15A-1220
Article 73. Criminal Jury Trial in Superior Court, §§ 15A-1221 to 15A-1250
Article 74 to 77. [Reserved]
Article 78. Order of Commitment to Imprisonment, §§ 15A-1301 to 15A-1310
Article 79. [Reserved]
Article 80. Defendants Found Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity, §§ 15A-1321 to 15A-1330
Article 81. General Sentencing Provisions, §§ 15A-1331 to 15A-1340
Article 81A. Sentencing Persons Convicted of Felonies [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 81B. Structured Sentencing of Persons Convicted of Crimes, §§ 15A-1340.10 to 15A-1340.33
Article 81C. Restitution, §§ 15A-1340.34 to 15A-1340.49
Article 81D. Permanent No Contact Order Against Convicted Sex Offender, § 15A-1340.50
Article 82. Probation, §§ 15A-1341 to 15A-1350
Article 83. Imprisonment, §§ 15A-1351 to 15A-1360
Article 84. Fines, §§ 15A-1361 to 15A-1367
Article 84A. Post-Release Supervision, §§ 15A-1368 to 15A-1368.6
Article 84B. Medical Release of Inmates, §§ 15A-1369 to 15A-1370
Article 85. Parole, §§ 15A-1370.1 to 15A-1380
Article 85A. Parole of Certain Convicted Felons [Repealed]
Article 85B. Review of Sentences of Life Imprisonment Without Parole [Repealed]
Article 86. Reports of Dispositions of Criminal Cases, §§ 15A-1381 to 15A-1390
Article 87. [Reserved]
Article 88. Post-Trial Motions and Appeal, §§ 15A-1401 to 15A-1410
Article 89. Motion for Appropriate Relief and Other Post-Trial Relief, §§ 15A-1411 to 15A-1430
Article 90. Appeals from Magistrates and District Court Judges, §§ 15A-1431 to 15A-1440
Article 91. Appeal to Appellate Division, §§ 15A-1441 to 15A-1459
Article 92. North Carolina Innocence Inquiry Commission, §§ 15A-1460 to 15A-1475
Article 93 to 99. [Reserved]
Article 100. Capital Punishment, §§ 15A-2000 to 15A-2009
Article 101. North Carolina Racial Justice Act [Repealed]
Chapter 15B. Victims Compensation.
Article 1. Crime Victims Compensation Act, §§ 15B-1 to 15B-29
Article 2. The Crime Victims Financial Recovery Assistance Act, §§ 15B-30 to 15B-37
Chapter 15C. Address Confidentiality Program, §§ 15C-1 to 15C-13
Chapter 17. Habeas Corpus.
Article 1. Constitutional Provisions, §§ 17-1, 17-2
Article 2. Application, §§ 17-3 to 17-8
Article 3. Writ, §§ 17-9 to 17-12
Article 4. Return, §§ 17-13 to 17-15
Article 5. Enforcement of Writ, §§ 17-16 to 17-28
Article 6. Proceedings and Judgment, §§ 17-29 to 17-38
Article 7. Habeas Corpus for Custody of Children in Certain Cases [Repealed]
Article 8. Habeas Corpus Ad Testificandum, §§ 17-41 to 17-46
Chapter 17C. North Carolina Criminal Justice Education and Training Standards Commission.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 17C-1 to 17C-19
Article 2. North Carolina Criminal Justice Fellows Program, §§ 17C-20 to 17C-23
Chapter 17D. North Carolina Justice Academy, §§ 17D-1 to 17D-4
Chapter 17E. North Carolina Sheriffs’ Education and Training Standards Commission, §§ 17E-1 to 17E-12
Chapter 18B. Regulation of Alcoholic Beverages.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 18B-100 to 18B-119
Article 1A. Compensation for Injury Caused by Sales to Underage Persons, §§ 18B120 to 18B-199
Article 2. State Administration, §§ 18B-200 to 18B-299
Article 3. Sale, Possession, and Consumption, §§ 18B-300 to 18B-399
Article 4. Transportation, §§ 18B-400 to 18B-499
Article 5. Law Enforcement, §§ 18B-500 to 18B-599
Article 6. Elections, §§ 18B-600 to 18B-699
Article 7. Local ABC Boards, §§ 18B-700 to 18B-799
Article 8. Operation of ABC Stores, §§ 18B-800 to 18B-899
Article 9. Issuance of Permits, §§ 18B-900 to 18B-999
Article 10. Retail Activity, §§ 18B-1000 to 18B-1099
Article 11. Commercial Activity, §§ 18B-1100 to 18B-1199
Article 12. Wine Distribution Agreements, §§ 18B-1200 to 18B-1299
Article 13. Beer Franchise Law, §§ 18B-1300 to 18B-1309
Chapter 19. Offenses Against Public Morals.
Article 1. Abatement of Nuisances, §§ 19-1 to 19-8.4
Article 2. Civil Remedy for Sales of Harmful Materials to Minors, §§ 19-9 to 19-21
Chapter 19A. Protection of Animals.
Article 3. Animal Welfare Act, §§ 19A-20 to 19A-44
Article 4. Animal Cruelty Investigators, §§ 19A-45 to 19A-59
Chapter 42. Landlord and Tenant.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 42-11, 42-13
Chapter 48A. Minors.
Article 1. Age of Majority, §§ 48A-1 to 48A-10
Article 2. Certain Contracts of Minors, §§ 48A-11 to 48A-18
Chapter 49. Children Born out of Wedlock.
Article 1. Support of Children Born out of Wedlock, §§ 49-1 to 49-9
Chapter 50B. Domestic Violence, §§ 50B-1 to 50B-9
Chapter 50C. Civil No-Contact Orders, §§ 50C-1 to 50C-11
Chapter 50D. Permanent Civil No-Contact Order Against Sex Offender on Behalf of Crime Victim, §§ 50D-1 to 50D-11
Chapter 52A. Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act [Repealed]
Chapter 52C. Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 52C-1-100 to 52C-1-104
Article 2. Jurisdiction, §§ 52C-2-201 to 52C-2-211
Article 3. Civil Provisions of General Application, §§ 52C-3-301 to 52C-3-318
Article 4. Establishment of Support Order or Determination of Parentage, §§ 52C-4-401, 52C-4-402
Article 5. Enforcement of Order of Another State Without Registration, §§ 52C-5-501 to 52C-5-507
Article 6. Registration, Enforcement, and Modification of Support Order, §§ 52C-6-601 to 52C-6-616
Article 7. Support Proceeding Under Convention, §§ 52C-7-701 to 52C-7-713
Article 8. Interstate Rendition, §§ 52C-8-801, 52C-8-802
Article 9. Miscellaneous Provisions, §§ 52C-9-901 to 52C-9-902
Chapter 53B. Financial Privacy Act, §§ 53B-1 to 53B-10
Chapter 58. Insurance.
Article 2. Commissioner of Insurance, §§ 58-2-161 to 58-2-164, 58-2-180
Article 8. Mutual Insurance Companies, § 58-8-1
Article 24. Fraternal Benefit Societies, § 58-24-180
Article 71. Bail Bondsmen and Runners, §§ 58-71-1 to 58-71-200
Article 74. Mortgage in Lieu of Bond, §§ 58-74-1 to 58-74-35
Article 75. Deposit in Lieu of Bond, § 58-75-1
Article 77. Guaranteed Arrest Bond Certificates of Automobile Clubs and Associations in Lieu of Bond [Repealed]
Article 79. Investigation of Fires and Inspection of Premises, §§ 58-79-1 to 58-79-45
Article 82. Authority and Liability of Firemen, §§ 58-82-1, 58-82-5
Article 82A. Pyrotechnics Training and Permitting, §§ 58-82A-1 to 58-82A-55
Chapter 63. Aeronautics.
Article 2. State Regulation, §§ 63-10 to 63-24
Article 3. Stealing, Tampering with, or Operating Aircraft While Intoxicated, §§ 63-25 to 63-28
Article 4. Model Airport Zoning Act, § 63-37.1
Article 10. Operation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems, §§ 63-95, 63-96
Chapter 66. Commerce and Business.
Article 1. Regulation and Inspection, §§ 66-4, 66-11, 66-11.1, 66-11.2
Article 14A. Assumed Business Name Act, § 66-71.14
Article 25. Regulation of Precious Metal Businesses [Recodified and Reserved]
Article 42. State Franchise for Cable Television Service, §§ 66-350, 66-351, 66-355 to 66-357
Article 45. Pawnbrokers, Metal Dealers, and Scrap Dealers, §§ 66-385 to 66-439
Chapter 67. Dogs.
Article 1. Owner’s Liability, §§ 67-1 to 67-4
Article 1A. Dangerous Dogs, §§ 67-4.1 to 67-4.5
Article 2. License Taxes on Dogs, §§ 67-5 to 67-18
Article 5. Protection of Livestock and Poultry from Ranging Dogs, §§ 67-30 to 67-36
Chapter 68. Fences and Stock Law.
Article 3. Livestock Law, §§ 68-15 to 68-41
Chapter 74C. Private Protective Services.
Article 1. Private Protective Services Board, §§ 74C-1 to 74C-29
Article 2. Private Protective Services Education Fund, §§ 74C-30 to 74C-33
Chapter 74D. Alarm Systems.
Article 1. Alarm Systems Licensing Act, §§ 74D-1 to 74D-29
Article 2. Alarm Systems Education Fund, §§ 74D-30 to 74D-33
Chapter 74E. Company Police Act, §§ 74E-1 to 74E-13
Chapter 74F. Locksmith Licensing Act, §§ 74F-1 to 74F-18
Chapter 74G. Campus Police Act, §§ 74G-1 to 74G-13
Chapter 75A. Boating and Water Safety.
Article 1. Boating Safety Act, §§ 75A-1 to 75A-19
Chapter 75D. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, §§ 75D-1 to 75D-14
Chapter 84. Attorneys-at-Law.
Article 1. Qualifications of Attorney; Unauthorized Practice of Law, §§ 84-1 to 84-10.1
Article 2. Relation to Client, § 84-11
Article 3. Arguments [Recodified]
Chapter 90. Medicine and Allied Occupations.
Article 1. Practice of Medicine, § 90-12.7
Article 1C. Physicians and Hospital Reports, §§ 90-21.20, 90-21.20B
Article 5. North Carolina Controlled Substances Act, §§ 90-86 to 90-113.8
Article 5A. North Carolina Toxic Vapors Act, §§ 90-113.8A to 90-113.19
Article 5B. Drug Paraphernalia, §§ 90-113.20 to 90-113.24, 90-113.27
Article 5D. Control of Methamphetamine Precursors, §§ 90-113.51 to 90-113.53, 90-113.56, 90-113.57
Article 5F. Control of Potential Drug Paraphernalia Products, §§ 90-113.80 to 90-113.84
Article 23. Right to Natural Death; Brain Death, §§ 90-320 to 90-323
Chapter 91A. Pawnbrokers and Cash Converters Modernization Act [Recodified]
Chapter 99A. Civil Remedies for Interference with Property, §§ 99A-1, 99A-2
Chapter 105. Taxation.
Article 2D. Unauthorized Substances Taxes, §§ 105-113.105 to 105-113.113
Chapter 106. Agriculture.
Article 50E. Industrial Hemp, § 106-568.57
Article 78. Regulation of Open Fires, §§ 106-940 to 106-954
Article 80. North Carolina Prescribed Burning Act, §§ 106-965 to 106-979
Chapter 108A. Social Services.
Article 2. Programs of Public Assistance, §§ 108A-39, 108A-53, 108A-53.1, 108A-60, 108A-63 to 108A-64
Article 4. Public Assistance and Social Services Appeals and Access to Records, § 108A-80
Article 6. Protection of the Abused, Neglected or Exploited Disabled Adult Act, §§ 108A-99 to 108A-111
Article 6A. Protection of Disabled and Older Adults From Financial Exploitation, §§ 108A-112 to 108A-119
Chapter 110. Child Welfare.
Article 2. Juvenile Services [Repealed]
Article 9. Child Support, §§ 110-128 to 110-146
Chapter 113. Conservation and Development.
Article 4C. Regulation of Open Fires [Recodified]
Article 4E. North Carolina Prescribed Burning Act [Recodified]
Chapter 114. Department of Justice.
Article 1. Attorney General, §§ 114-8.6, 114-8.7
Article 3. Division of Criminal Information [Recodified]
Article 3A. Special Prosecution Division, § 114-11.6
Article 4. State Bureau of Investigation, §§ 114-12 to 114-25, 114-44 to 114-49
Article 9. North Carolina State Crime Laboratory, §§ 114-60 to 114-65
Chapter 122C. Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Act of 1985.
Article 1. General Provisions, §§ 122C-1, 122C-3
Article 1A. MH/DD/SA Consumer Advocacy Program, §§ 122C-10 to 122C-20
Article 3. Clients’ Rights and Advance Instruction, §§ 122C-51 to 122C-79
Article 3A. Miscellaneous Provisions, § 122C-80
Article 4. Organization and System for Delivery of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Services, § 122C-186
Article 5. Procedures for Admission and Discharge of Clients, §§ 122C-201 to 122C-400
Chapter 128. Offices and Public Officers.
Article 2. Removal of Unfit Officers, §§ 128-16 to 128-20
Chapter 130A. Public Health.
Article 8. Sanitation, §§ 130A-251 to 130A-260
Article 16. Postmortem Investigation and Disposition, §§ 130A-377 to 130A-401
Chapter 132. Public Records, §§ 132-1.4 to 132-1.8
Chapter 134A. Youth Services [Repealed]
Chapter 143B. Executive Organization Act of 1973.
Article 6. Department of Corrections [Recodified, Renumbered, Repealed and Reserved]
Article 6A. North Carolina State-County Criminal Justice Partnership Act [Repealed and Reserved]
Article 11. Department of Crime Control and Public Safety [Repealed, Recodified and Reserved]
Article 12. Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [Repealed, Recodified and Reserved]
Article 13. Department of Public Safety, §§ 143B-630, 143B-700 to 143B-1209
Chapter 147. State Officers.
Article 3. The Governor, §§ 147-21, 147-23 to 147-25
Article 3C. Office of Juvenile Justice [Repealed]
Chapter 148. State Prison System.
Article 1. Organization and Management, §§ 148-1 to 148-10.5
Article 2. Prison Regulations, §§ 148-11 to 148-25
Article 3. Labor of Prisoners, §§ 148-26 to 148-49
Article 3A. Facilities and Programs for Youthful Offenders [Repealed]
Article 3B. Facilities and Programs for Youthful Offenders [Repealed]
Article 4. Paroles, §§ 148-50 to 148-65
Article 4A. Out-of-State Parolee Supervision [Repealed]
Article 4B. Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, §§ 148-65.4 to 148-65.9
Article 5. Farming Out Convicts, §§ 148-66 to 148-70
Article 5A. Prison Labor for Farm Work [Repealed]
Article 6. Reformatory [Repealed]
Article 7. Records, Statistics, Research and Planning, §§ 148-74 to 148-81
Article 8. Compensation to Persons Erroneously Convicted of Felonies, §§ 148-82 to 148-84
Article 9. Prison Advisory Council [Repealed]
Article 10. Interstate Agreement on Detainers [Transferred and Reserved]
Article 11. Inmate Grievance Commission [Repealed]
Article 11A. Corrections Administrative Remedy Procedure, §§ 148-118.1 to 148-118.9
Article 12. Interstate Corrections Compact, §§ 148-119 to 148-121
Article 13. Transfer of Convicted Foreign Citizens Under Federal Treaty, §§ 148-122 to 148-127
Article 14. Correction Enterprises, §§ 148-128 to 148-134
Chapter 152. Coroners, §§ 152-1 to 152-11
Chapter 153A. Counties.
Article 4. Form of Government, §§ 153A-48 to 153A-50
Article 6. Delegation and Exercise of the General Police Power, §§ 153A-121 to 153A-145.7
Article 10. Law Enforcement and Confinement Facilities, §§ 153A-211 to 153A-232
Article 23. Miscellaneous Provisions, § 153A-436.1
Chapter 160A. Cities and Towns.
Article 5. Form of Government, §§ 160A-77 to 160A-79
Article 8. Delegation and Exercise of the General Police Power, §§ 160A-174 to 160A-205.3
Article 13. Law Enforcement, §§ 160A-281 to 160A-290
Article 21. Miscellaneous, § 160A-490.1
Chapter 162. Sheriff.
Article 1. The Office, §§ 162-1 to 162-7
Article 2. Sheriff’s Bond, §§ 162-8 to 162-12
Article 3. Duties of Sheriff, §§ 162-13 to 162-30
Article 4. County Prisoners, §§ 162-31 to 162-62
Chapter 164. Concerning the General Statutes of North Carolina.
Article 4. Sentencing Commission, §§ 164-35 to 164-45, 164-47 to 164-51
Chapter 168. Persons with Disabilities.
Article 1. Rights, §§ 168-1 to 168-13
Article 2. Vocational Rehabilitation, §§ 168-14 to 168-19
Article 3. Family Care Homes, §§ 168-20 to 168-23
Chapter 168A. Persons with Disabilities Protection Act, §§ 168A-1 to 168A-12

Constitution of North Carolina.
Article I. Declaration of Rights, §§ 1 to 37
Article IV. Judicial, §§ 1 to 22
Article IX. Education, § 7
Article XI. Punishments, Corrections, and Charities, §§ 1 to 4

Constitution of the United States

Introduction to Appendix
The Supreme Court on Select Criminal and Traffic Issues

Index