Bernhardt's California Real Estate Laws

This edition contains all of the state statutes most likely to be utilized by attorneys handling real estate matters.
Publisher: Michie
Print Book :1 volume, softbound
2024 Edition
In Stock
ISBN: 9781663375285
Publisher: Michie
International Order Inquiry

Product description

A compilation of all significant laws and regulations that affect California real estate and the real estate industry; includes highlights of new legislation and expert commentary prepared by the volume's authors. Also includes an index.


Table of contents

Excerpts from the Business and Professions Code
Outdoor Advertising
Local Ordinances and Unincorporated Areas
Exceptions, Exclusions and Redevelopment Projects
Compensation for Removal
Landscaped Freeways
Penalties for Violations
On-Premises Advertising
Local Ordinances
Landscape Architects
Unlawful Practice of Law
Legal Document Assistants and Unlawful Detainer Assistants
Professional Engineers
General Regulations
Home Improvements
Asbestos Consultants
Construction Management Education Sponsorship Act of 1991
Arbitration Agreements
Home Inspection
Cemetery and Funeral Act
Structural Pest Control Operators
Land Surveyors
Real Estate Brokers
Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licenses
Prepaid Rental Listing Services
Continuing Education
Disciplinary Action
Deeds of Trust and Real Estate Sales Contracts
Exemption from Securities Qualification
Loans Negotiated by Brokers
Out-of-State Land Promotions
Real Estate Fund
Mineral, Oil and Gas Brokerage
Subdivided Lands
Sales in Subdivisions
Blanket Encumbrances
Public Reports
The Vacation Ownership and Time-Share Act of 2004
Licenses and Certification
Certified Common Interest Development Manager
Homeowners’ Exemption Filing Services
Assessment Appeal Filing Services
Grant Deed Copy Services
Self-Service Storage Facilities
Internet Private Residence Rental Listings
Alcoholic Beverage Licenses
Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act
Excerpts from the Civil Code
Preliminary Provisions
Persons with Unsound Mind
Personal Rights
Civil Rights
Construction-Related Accessibility
General Property Rules
Interests in Property
Restraints on Alienation
Common Law Estates and Future Interests
Termination of Tenancies
Mobilehome Residency Law
Rental Agreements
Rules and Regulations
Fees and Charges
Rent Control
Tenant Rights
Termination of Tenancy
Subdivisions, Cooperatives, Condominiums or Resident-Owned Parks
Recreational Vehicle Park Occupancy Law
Defaulting Occupants, Tenants and Residents
Floating Home Residency Law
Rental Agreements
Rules and Regulations
Tenant Rights
Termination of Tenancy
Sales and Rentals
Housing Cooperatives and Housing Cooperative Trusts
Life Estates and Tenancies
Lateral and Subjacent Support
Life Tenants
Adjoining Landowners
Ouster of Cotenant
Landowner Liability to Recreational Users
Environmental Responsibility Acceptance Act
Marketable Title
Notice of Intent to Preserve Interest
Ancient Mortgages
Mineral Rights
Unexercised Options
Powers of Termination
Unperformed Sale Contracts
Abandoned Easements
Rent Skimming
Actions for Construction Defects
Adverse Possession and Prescriptive Rights
Fixtures and Innocent Improvers
Stream Boundaries
Removal of Fixtures
Transfer of Interests; Delivery; Escrow
Interpretation of Deeds
Listing Agreements
Unlawful Influence of Appraisers
Transfer of Title
Pest Control Reports
Water Use Efficiency
Transfer Disclosure Statements
Disclosure of Natural Hazards
The Buyer’s Choice Act
Transfers of Property
Recordation of Documents
Appropriation of Water
Covenants Running With the Land
Performance of Obligations
Accord and Satisfaction
Statute of Frauds
Foreign Language Contracts
Electronic Transactions
Interpretation of Contracts
Risk of Loss
Exculpation, Arbitration, and Unconscionability
Liquidated Damages
Home Solicitation Contracts
Home Equity Sales Contracts
Modification of Contracts
Disclosure of AIDS Information in Property Transfers
Attorneys’ Fee Clauses
Home Solicitations
Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies
Mobilehome Warranties
Home Roof Warranties
Consumer Credit Contracts
Retail Installment Sales Contracts
Membership Camping Contracts
Credit Disability Insurance
Innkeepers’ Liability and Liens
Transient Occupancies
Shared Appreciation Loans
Loans of ERISA Pension Funds
Shared Appreciation Loans for Seniors
Mortgage Loans
Landlord and Tenant
Duration of Leaseholds
Security Deposits
Liability of Abandoning or Evicted Tenants
Waivers, Access Rights, Assignments
Water Service
Restrictions of Commercial Rent Control
Residential Rent Control
Bed Bug Infestations
Identification of Owner
Disposition of Goods Abandoned by Tenant
Residential Tenancies
Commercial Tenancies
Assignment and Sublease
Use Restrictions
Real Estate Brokers’ Duty to Inspect
Agency Disclosure by Brokers
Power of Attorney
Construction Indemnity Agreements
Nonjudicial Foreclosure Sales
Miscellaneous Provisions
Foreclosure Consultants
Miscellaneous Provisions
Subordination Agreements
Miscellaneous Clauses
Disclosures in Broker-Arranged Financing
Home Equity Loan Disclosures
Installment Land Contracts
Controlled Escrows
Miscellaneous Provisions
Damages and Other Relief
Exemplary Damages
Breach of Contract
Contracts with Design Professionals
Specific Performance
Marshaling Assets
Lender’s Liability for Building Defects
Uniform Voidable Transactions Act
Maxims of Jurisprudence
Common Interest Developments
General Provisions
Preliminary Provisions
Application of Act
Governing Documents
General Provisions
Articles of Incorporation
Condominium Plan
Operating Rules
Ownership and Transfer of Interests
Ownership Rights and Interests
Transfer Disclosure
Transfer Fee
Restrictions on Transfer
Transfer of Separate Interest
Property Use and Maintenance
Protected Uses
Modification of Separate Interest
Association Governance
Association Existence and Powers
Board Meeting
Member Meeting
Member Election
Record Inspection
Annual Reports
Conflict of Interest
Managing Agent
Government Assistance
Use of Reserve Funds
Reserve Planning
Assessments and Assessment Collection
Establishment and Imposition of Assessments
Assessment Payment and Delinquency
Assessment Collection
Insurance and Liability
Dispute Resolution and Enforcement
Discipline and Cost Reimbursement
Internal Dispute Resolution
Alternative Dispute Resolution Prerequisite to Civil Action
Civil Action
Construction Defect Litigation
Commercial and Industrial Common Interest Developments
General Provisions
Preliminary Provisions
Application of Act
Governing Documents
General Provisions
Articles of Incorporation
Condominium Plan
Operating Rules
Ownership and Transfer of Interests
Ownership Rights and Interests
Restrictions on Transfers
Transfer of Separate Interest
Property Use and Maintenance
Protected Uses
Modification of Separate Interest
Association Governance
Association Existence and Powers
Record Keeping
Conflict of Interest
Government Assistance
Assessments and Assessment Collection
Establishment and Imposition of Assessments
Assessment Payment and Delinquency
Assessment Collection
Insurance and Liability
Dispute Resolution and Enforcement
Disciplinary Action
Civil Actions
Construction Defect Litigation
Works of Improvement
Waiver and Release
Private Works of Improvement
General Provisions
Preliminary Notice
Design Professionals Lien
Entitlement to Lien
Conditions to Enforcing Lien
Amount of Lien
Property Subject to Lien
Enforcement of Lien
Releasing a Lien and Removing a Lien from the Record
Stop Payment Notices for Private Works of Improvement
Payment Bonds
Security for a Large Project
Prompt Payment
Public Works of Improvement
Stop Payment Notices
Release of Funds
Distribution of Funds
Enforcement of Stop Notice
Payment Bonds
Usury Law
Excerpts from the Code of Civil Procedure

Causes of Action and Jurisdiction of Courts
Adverse Possession
Limitation of Other Actions
Parties to Actions
Lis Pendens
General Provisions
Service and Filing
Notice and Presumptions
Construction Subcontracts
Litigation Against Architects, Engineers and Surveyors
Alternative Methods of Service
Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation
Miscellaneous Pleading Requirements
Prejudgment Attachment
Writs of Possession
Deficiency Judgments
Mining Claims
Entry of Judgment
Enforcement of Judgments
Execution Liens
Execution Sales
Methods of Levy
Sale and Collection
Distribution of Proceeds
General Provisions
Exempt Property
Homestead Exemptions
Declared Homesteads
Enforcement of Judgment Against Contingent Interest
Writs of Possession and Sale
Third-Party Claims
Claims by Creditors Holding Security Interests in Fixtures
Satisfaction of Judgment
Redemption After Judicial Foreclosure
Nuisance, Waste, Trespass, and Mortgages
Destroyed Land Records
Cullen Earthquake Act of 1972
Quiet Title
Commencement of Action
Service of Process
Public Officers or Employees
Identity of Persons in Chain of Title
Land Dedicated for Public Improvements
Surface Lands Subject to Oil or Gas Lease
Public Improvement Assessments
Comprehensive Adjudication of Rights to Groundwater
Actions Against Coowners of Mines
Good Faith Improvers of Property
Preliminary Provisions
Powers of Court
Complaint and Lis Pendens
Division of Property
Manner of Sale
Sale Procedures
Consummation of Sale
Disposition of Proceeds
Partition by Appraisal
Costs of Partition
Stay of Enforcement of Judgment
Fees and Costs
Declaratory Relief
Enforcement of Sales Agreements
Writs of Mandate
Unlawful Detainer
Oil and Gas Liens
Contemptuous Possession
Eminent Domain
General Limitations
Rights of the Public Entity
Future Use
Substitute Property
Compatible Use
More Necessary Public Use
Preliminary Location, Survey, and Tests
Resolution of Necessity
Resolution by Quasi-Public Entity
Jurisdiction and Venue
Notice of Proceeding
Objections to Right to Take
Settlement Offers and Alternative Dispute Resolution
Deposit of Probable Compensation
Withdrawal of Deposit
Possession Prior to Judgment
Exchange of Valuation Data
Procedures for Determining Right to Take and Compensation
Contesting Right To Take
Procedures for Determining Compensation
Compensation, Generally
Date of Valuation
Compensation for Improvements
Compensation for Property Taken
Compensation for Injury to Remainder
Compensation for Loss of Goodwill
More Necessary Public Use
Hazardous Materials on Property to be Acquired by School District
Future Interests
Payment of Judgment
Procedures for Determining Right to Take and Compensation
Possession After Judgment
Expenses, Costs and Damages
Arbitration of Real Estate Contracts
Unclaimed Property
Assignments for the Benefit of Creditors: Preferences
Evidence Regarding Interests in Real Property
Lost Maps
Parol Evidence
Required Writings
Discovery in Litigation Pertaining to Real Property
Property Descriptions
Uniform Federal Lien Registration Act
Excerpts from the Constitution of the State of California
Article I. Rights of Citizens
Article X. Water Rights
Article X A. Water Resources Development
Article XI. Home Rule
Article XIII. Taxation
Article XIII A. Proposition 13
Article XIII D. Proposition 218
Article XIV. Mechanics’ Liens
Article XV. Usury
Article XVI. Public Finance
Article XX. Homesteads
Article XXXIV. Public Housing
Excerpts from the Corporations Code
General Provisions
Corporate Powers
Mortgages and Sales
Social Purpose Corporations
Nonprofit Mutual Benefit Corporations
Mutual Water Companies
Benefit Corporations
Uniform Limited Partnership Act of 2008
Uniform Partnership Act of 1994
Limited Liability Companies
Unincorporated Associations
Real Estate Investment Trusts
Corporate Securities Law
Real Estate Syndicate Act
Excerpts from the Education Code
Joint Venture School Facilities Construction Projects
Sale or Lease of Surplus School Property
Joint Use of School Facilities
Development Fees
Community Colleges
Sale, Lease, Use and Exchange of Facilities
Surplus Property
Joint User Agreements
Exchanges of Land
Excerpts from the Evidence Code
Burden of Proof on Issues Arising in Real Property Litigation
Facts in Deeds and Leases
Burden of Producing Evidence
Burden of Proof
Expert and Opinion Testimony
Evidence of Market Value
Lawyer-Client Privilege
Exceptions to Physician-Patient Privilege
Exceptions to Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege
Official Writings Affecting Property
Excerpts from the Family Code
Attorney Fees
Domestic Partner Registration
Property Rights
Management and Control
Uniform Premarital Agreements
Property Division
Separate and Out-of-State Property
Spousal Support
Excerpts from the Financial Code
Real Estate Dealings
Bank Holding Companies
Authorizations for Banks
Restrictions and Prohibited Practices
Loans and Investments
Trust Companies
Foreign (Other State) Banks
Foreign (Other Nation) Banks
Consumer Loans Secured by Real Property
Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans
Savings and Loan Associations
Real Estate Loans
Credit Unions
Escrow Agents
Industrial Loan Companies
Loans Secured by Real Property
Property Holdings
Loan Restrictions
California Financing Law
National Housing Act Loans
Residential Mortgage Lending
Mortgage Loan Originators
Financial Condition, Transaction and Bond Requirements
Brokerage Services for Borrowers
Exchange Facilitators
Excerpts from the Fish and Game Code
Fish Hatchery Leases
Wildlife Conservation Board
Wildlife Management Areas
Ecological Reserves
Fish and Wildlife Protection and Conservation
Hunting and Fishing
California Endangered Species Act
Natural Community Conservation Planning
Habitat Maintenance Funding Act
Hunting and Fishing: Birds and Mammals
Water Pollution
Excerpts from the Food and Agricultural Code
Roadside Vegetation Control
Grazing and Dairy Farms
Theft of Cattle
Dairy Farms
Excerpts from the Government Code
Escheat of Property to State
Government Tort Liability
Dangerous Conditions of Public Property
Liability of Public Entities
Liability of Public Employees
Access to Public Buildings for Persons with Disabilities
Publication Requirements
Acquisition of Open Space
Dedication for Public Purpose
Withdrawing Residential Leased Premises
State Tax Liens
Relocation Assistance
Open-Space Land Dedication
Notaries Public
California Emergency Services Act
State of Emergency
Transfers of Wood frame Buildings
Hazardous Building Wall Anchorage Law
Residential Transfer Disclosure: Earthquake Hazards
Surplus State Lands
Plain English Statement of Policy on Small Business Regulations
Discrimination in Housing
Acquisition of State Property
Open-Space Subventions
Postponed Property Taxes
Public Employees’ Retirement Fund
County Property
Acquisition of Property
Sale or Lease of Property
Sales Below Market Value
Joint Occupancy Agreements
Condominium Occupancy
Shade Trees
Fish, Streams and Flood Waters Weed, Pest, and Nuisance Abatement
Report of Residential Building Record (3R Report)
Airports and Airport Zoning
County Recorders
Duties and Liability
Destruction of Documents
Recordable Documents
Social Security Numbers
Recording Procedure
Electronic Recording Delivery
Surveys and Surveyors
City Property
Sale of Buildings and Sites
Building Ordinances
Reports of Residential Records
Weed and Rubbish Abatement
City Harbors
Public Works
Property Taxes and Other Charges
Habitat Maintenance Assessment Districts
Abandoned Excavations
Historical Property Contracts
Grants of Public Property
Airport Approaches Zoning Law
Surplus Real Property
Open Space
Urban Agriculture Incentive Zones
Open Space Easements
Open Space Easement Act of 1974
Timberland Productivity Act
Timberland Production Zones
Immediate Rezoning
Removal From Zone
Eminent Domain or Other Acquisition
Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zones
Solar-Use Easements
Williamson Act
Legislative Declarations
Establishment of Preserves
Eminent Domain or Other Acquisition
Farmland Security Zones
Community Development of Former Redevelopment Agency Property
Unpaid Water Bills
Urban Forestry
Developer Fees
Drought Tolerant Landscaping
Community Facilities Districts
Proposition 218 Omnibus Implementation Act
Enforcement of Delinquent Assessments
Surplus Land
Open Public Meetings
County Fees
Local Government Reorganization
Community Services Districts
Finance and Capital Financing
Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities
Affordable Housing Authorities
Planning and Land Use
General Provisions
Regional Planning
Public Hearings; Notice
City and County Planning
General Plans
Specific Plans
Open-Space Lands
Housing Elements
Low-Income Housing in Coastal Zone
Water Conservation in Landscape Act
Water Recycling in Landscaping Act
Workforce Housing Opportunity Zones
Exemption of Charter Cities
General Plans: Actions or Proceedings
Development Agreements
Administration of Zoning Ordinances
Open-Space Zoning
Housing Development Approvals
Density Bonuses and Other Incentives
Interagency Referrals
Permit Streamlining Act
Applications for Development Projects
Approval of Development Permits
Agency Teams
Permits for Classes of Projects
Mitigation Lands: Nonprofit Organizations
School Facilities
Environmental Improvement Authorizations
Limitations on School Facilities Assessments
Fees for New Development Projects
Mediation of Land Use Disputes
Housing Sustainability Districts
Subdivision Map Act
Tentative Maps
Final Maps
Parcel Maps
Merger of Parcels
Unmerger of Parcels
Approval of Tentative Maps
Review of Tentative Map By Other Bodies
Filing Final Map
Filing Parcel Maps
Recordation of Maps
Imposition of Conditions and Grounds for Rejection
Dedication Requirements
Public Access
Reservation of Land for Community Facilities
Development Fees
Reimbursement of Costs
Soils Reports
Taxes and Assessments
Development Agreements
Posting Security
Reversion to Acreage
Excluding Land From Subdivision
Judicial Review
Official Maps
Excerpts from the Harbors and Navigation Code
Recreational Marinas
Navigable Waters
Private Wharves and Piers
Port Districts
Excerpts from the Health and Safety Code
California Community Care Facilities Act
Preemption of Local Regulations–Residential Care Facilities
Preemption of Local Regulations–Juvenile Facilities
Preemption of Local Regulations–Facilities for the Seriously Ill
Preemption of Local Regulations–Facilities for the Elderly
Preemption of Local Regulations–Family Day Care Homes
Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law
Pest Abatement Districts
Property Rights
Care of Cemeteries
Public Cemetery Districts
Uniform Controlled Substances Act
Abatement of Transactions Involving Controlled Substances
Fires and Fire Protection
Fire Regulations
High-Rise Structures
Weed and Rubbish Abatement
Regulation of Apartment Houses, Hotels and Dwellings
Tenant Relocation Assistance
Manufactured Housing Act of 1980
Application and Scope
Standards for Mobilehomes
Escrow Accounts
Registration and Title
Transfer of Title
Mobilehome Parks Act
Rights of Residents
State and Local Regulations
General Regulations
Special Occupancy Parks Act
State Building Standards
Historical Building Code of 1975
Earthquake Protection
Scope and Application
Building Permits
Design and Construction
Reconstruction of Hazardous Buildings
Gas Shutoff
Water Heaters
Local Building and Demolition Permits
Plans and Specifications for Development
Access to Public Accommodations by Physically Handicapped Persons
Hazardous Waste Control
Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986
Unified Agency Review of Hazardous Materials Release Sites
Underground Storage of Hazardous Substances
Cleanup of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks
Hazardous Substance Account Act
California Land Use and Revitalization Act of 2004
Cleanup of Property Contaminated by Methamphetamine
Hazardous Materials Release Cleanup by Local Agencies
Hazardous Materials Liability of Lenders and Fiduciaries
Asbestos and Hazardous Substance Removal Contracts
Notice Requirements
Toxic Mold Protection Act of 2001
Community Redevelopment Law
Blighted Areas
Public Policy
Procedures and Activities
Redevelopment Plans
Owner Participation
Project Area Committee
Property Acquisition
Disposition and Development
Amendment of Redevelopment Plans
Financial Provisions
Community Redevelopment Disaster Project Law
Natural Disasters
Restrictions on Redevelopment Agency Operations
Dissolution of Redevelopment Agencies and Designation of Successor Agencies
Alternative Voluntary Redevelopment Program
Housing Authorities
Powers and Duties Creation of Housing Authorities
Financial Discrimination
Complaint Resolution
Public Housing Election Implementation Law
Historical Rehabilitation
Residential Rehabilitation
Air Resources
Housing and Home Finance
Department of Housing and Community Development
Rehabilitation of Residential Hotels
Mobilehome Parks
Predevelopment Loans
CalHome Program
Rehabilitation and Disaster Assistance
Multifamily Housing Program
Special Programs for Disabled Persons
Rental Housing Construction
Home Ownership Assistance
Emergency Housing and Assistance Fund
Affordable Housing
Community Housing Developments
Downtown Rebound Program
Loan Insurance
Bond and Loan Insurance
Multifamily Rental Housing
Regulation of Environmental Protection
Abandoned Excavations
Pest Control
California Safe Drinking Water Act
Excerpts from the Insurance Code
Definitions and Authorizations
Shared Coverage
Insurable Interests
The Policy
Real Property Repair and Reconstruction
Insurance: Cancellation
Insurance in Connection with Sales and Loans
Unfair Practices
Investments by Insurers
Real Estate Holdings of Insurers
Insurance Agents
Purchasing Insurance from Self-Service Storage Agents
Fire Insurance
County Mutual Fire Insurers
Fraternal Fire Insurers
Earthquake Insurance
California Earthquake Authority
Mediation of Insurance Claims
FAIR (Fair Access to Insurance Requirements)
Residential Property Insurance Disclosure Statement
Title Insurance
Rate Regulation and Rebates
Mortgage Guaranty Insurance
Charges and Rebates
Land Value Insurance Prohibited
Home Protection Insurance
Charges and Rebates
Excerpts from the Labor Code
Payment of Wages
Employment of Minors
Public Works and Public Agencies
Workers Compensation and Insurance
Construction of Unsafe Work Place
Excerpts from the Military and Veterans Code
Protection of the National Guard and Reservists
Veterans’ Farm and Home Purchase Act of 1943
Veterans’ Farm and Home Purchase Act of 1974
Veterans’ Buildings
Property Used for Defense Preparation
Excerpts from the Penal Code
Recording of False Instruments
Criminal Profiteering
Fraud or Embezzlement: Victim Restitution
Street Terrorism
Registered Sex Offenders
Public Nuisance
Unlawful Dumping
Forcible Entry and Detainer
Crimes Against Property
Burglary Onsite Making of Residence Key
Real Estate Transactions
Crimes Involving Financial Institutions, Escrow Companies and Title Insurance Companies
Crimes Against Hotel Guests
Compensation of Appointed Counsel: Liens upon Real Property
Red Light Abatement Law
Excerpts from the Probate Code
Simultaneous Death
Identity of Heirs
Powers of Appointment
Scope of Authority
Required Intent
Types of Appointments
Contracts to Appoint
Failure to Make Effective Appointment
Rights of Creditors
Rule Against Perpetuities
Revocation, Exercise, or Release
Deposit of Estate Planning Documents with Attorney
Conveyance or Transfer of Property Believed to Belong to Decedent or Other Person
General Procedural Provisions
Conservatorships and Guardianships
Property Transactions, Generally
Compromise of Claims
Other Transactions
Independent Exercise of Powers
Incapacity of Spouse
Power of Attorney
Nonprobate Transfers
Community Property
Nonprobate Transfers to Former Spouse
Revocable Transfer on Death Deeds
General Provisions
Execution and Revocation
Effect of Transfer on Death Deeds
Effectuation of Transfer
Intestate Succession
Probate Homestead
Probate of Small Estates
Claims Against Estates
Estate Management
Refinancing and Encumbering Estate Property
Acceptance of Deeds and Partial Satisfaction
Purchase of Estate Property
Easements, Leases or Options
Sale of Property
Real Estate Brokers
Dispositions of Particular Types of Property
Default by Buyer
Use of Sale Proceeds
Improper Sales
Independent Administration
Distribution of Small Estates Without Administration
Distribution to Surviving Spouse Without Administration
Surviving Spouse’s Liability for Decedent’s Property
Uniform Principal and Income Act
Relations of Third Persons to Trusts
Rule Against Perpetuities
Uniform Statutory Rule
Time of Creation of Interest
Related Provisions
Excerpts from the Public Contract Code
Contract Clauses
Sale of Property by University of California
Improvement Act of 1911
Municipal Improvement Act of 1913
Excerpts from the Public Resources Code
Special Studies Zones
Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1975
Oil and Gas
Regulation of Operations
Spacing of Wells
Forest, Ranges, and Forage Lands
Prevention and Control of Forest Fires
State Responsibility Area Fire Protection Benefit Fees
Public Nuisance