Criminal Law: Cases and Materials

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Table of Contents

Table of Cases

Preface to the First Edition

Preface to the 2000 Edition

CHAPTER 1. PUNISHMENT

State v. Chaney, 477 P.2d 441 (Alaska 1970)

Leuch v. State, 633 P.2d 1006 (Alaska 1981)

Problem: Regina v. Jones, 115 Can. Crim. Cas. Ann. 273 (1956)

CHAPTER 2. HOMICIDE

A. Premeditation

State v. Ollens, 733 P.2d 984 (Wash. 1987)

State v. Johnson, 344 S.E.2d 775 (N.C 1986)

B. Heat of Passion

Girouard v. State, 583 A.2d 718 (Md. 1989)

Freddo v. State, 155 S.W. 170 (Tenn. 1913)

State v. Thornton, 730 S.W.2d 309 (Tenn. 1987)

People v. Berry, 556 P.2d 777 (Cal. 1976)

People v. Casassa, 404 N.E.2d 1310 (N.Y. 1980)

Problem: State v. Forrest, 362 S.E.2d 252 (N.C. 1987)

C. Assisted Suicide

People v. Kevorkian, 527 N.W.2d 714 (Mich. 1994)

Problem: In re Joseph G., 667 P.2d 1176 (Cal. 1983)

D. Unintentional Killings

State v. Salz, 627 A.2d 862 (Conn. 1993)

Commonwealth v. Welansky, 55 N.E.2d 902 (Mass. 1944)

Porter v. State, 88 So. 2d 924 (Fla. 1956)

State v. Williams, 484 P.2d 1167 (Wash. App. 1971)

E. Depraved Heart Murder

Essex v. Commonwealth, 322 S.E.2d 216 (Va. 1984)

Pears v. State, 672 P.2d 903 (Alaska App. 1983)

Northington v. State, 413 So. 2d 1169 (Ala. App. 1981)

Commonwealth v. Malone, 47 A.2d 445 (Pa. 1946)

Problem: Berry v. Superior Court, 256 Cal. Rptr. 344 (1989)

F. Felony-Murder

People v. Gladman, 359 N.E.2d 420 (N.Y. 1976)

People v. Phillips, 414 P.2d 353 (Cal. 1966)

People v. Sears, 465 P.2d 847 (Cal. 1970)

Problem: State v. Jones, 516 S.E.2d 405 (N.C. App. 1999)

People v. Dekens, 695 N.E.2d 474 (Ill. 1998)

People v. Aaron, 299 N.W.2d 304 (Mich. 1979)

State v. Ervin, 577 A.2d 1273 (N.J. Super. A.D. 1990)

CHAPTER 3. CAUSATION

A. Intentional Killings

People v. Brackett, 510 N.E.2d 877 (Ill. 1987)

Problem

B. Unintentional Killings

People v. Russell, 693 N.E.2d 193 (N.Y. 1998)

State v. McFadden, 320 N.W.2d 608 (Iowa 1982)

State v. Caibaiosai, 363 N.W.2d 574 (Wis. 1985)

Problem

CHAPTER 4. ASSAULT AND KIDNAPPING

A. Assault

Harrod v. State, 499 A.2d 959 (Md. App. 1985)

B. Kidnapping

State v. Beatty, 495 S.E.2d 367 (N.C. 1998)

CHAPTER 5. RAPE

A. The Traditional View

State v. Rusk, 424 A.2d 720 (Md. 1981)

B. Legislative Reform

Commonwealth v. Berkowitz, 641 A.2d 1161 (Pa. 1994)

State of New Jersey in the Interest of M.T.S., 609 A.2d 1266 (N.J. 1992)

C. Undue Influence

State v. Thompson, 792 P.2d 1103 (Mont. 1990)

D. Fraud

Boro v. Superior Court, 210 Cal. Rptr. 122 (Cal. App. 1985)

E. Juridical Limitations

People v. Liberta, 474 N.E.2d 567 (N.Y. 1984)

Problem

Problem

CHAPTER 6. SELF-DEFENSE

A. In General

State v. Schroeder, 261 N.W.2d 759 (Neb. 1978)

State v. Norman, 378 S.E.2d 8 (N.C. 1989)

B. Retreat Rule

People v. Russell, 693 N.E.2d 193 (N.Y. 1998)

Weiand v. State, 24 Fla. L. Weekly S124 (1999)

C. Defense of Others

People v. Young, 183 N.E.2d 319 (N.Y. 1962)

D. Imperfect Self-Defense

Shuck v. State, 349 A.2d 378 (Md. App. 1975)

E. Resisting Arrest

People v. Curtis, 450 P.2d 33 (Cal. 1962)

F. Crime Prevention

Tennessee v. Garner, 471 U.S. 1 (1985)

State v. Clothier, 753 P.2d 1267 (Kan. 1988)

United States v. Hillsman, 522 F.2d 454 (7th Cir. 1975)

Problem: People v. Goetz, 497 N.E.2d 41 (N.Y. 1986)

CHAPTER 7. THEFT

A. Larceny

Topolewski v. State, 109 N.W. 1037 (Wis. 1906)

United States v. Pruitt, 446 F.2d 513 (6th Cir. 1971)

United States v. Rogers, 289 F.2d 433 (4th Cir. 1961)

Blackburn v. Commonwealth, 89 S.W. 160 (Ky. 1905)

People v. Butler, 421 P.2d 703 (Cal. 1967)

B. Embezzlement

People v. Riggins, 132 N.E.2d 519 (Ill. 1956)

Commonwealth v. Mitchneck, 198 A. 463 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1938)

C. False Pretenses

People v. Ashley, 267 P.2d 271 (Cal. 1954)

Nelson v. United States, 227 F.2d 21 (D.C. Cir. 1955)

D. Receiving Stolen Property

Commonwealth v. Baker, 175 A. 438 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1934)

E. Robbery

People v. Patton, 389 N.E.2d 1174 (Ill. 1979)

People v. Baskerville, 457 N.E.2d 752 (N.Y. 1983)

F. Extortion

State v. Harrington, 260 A.2d 692 (Vt. 1970)

G. Burglary

People v. Davis, 958 P.2d 1083 (Cal. 1998)

CHAPTER 8. MENS REA

A. In General

Morissette v. United States, 342 U.S. 246 (1952)

Regina v. Pembliton, 12 Cox Crim. Cas. 607 (Cr. App. 1874)

United States v. Jewell, 532 F.2d 697 (9th Cir. 1976)

B. Liability Without Fault

Morissette v. United States, 342 U.S. 246 (1952)

State v. Campbell, 691 N.E.2d 711 (Ohio App. 2d Dist. 1997)

Problem: United States v. Park, 421 U.S. 658 (1975)

State v. Guminga, 395 N.W.2d 344 (Minn. 1986)

Garnett v. State, 632 A.2d 797 (Md. 1993)

C. Mistake of Fact

D.P.P. v. Morgan, 2 All E.R. 365 (1975)

United States v. Short, 4 U.S.M.C.A. 437 (1954)

D. Mistake of Law

People v. Marrero, 507 N.E.2d 1068 (N.Y. 1987)

Lambert v. California, 355 U.S. 225 (1957)

E. Mistake of Law and Willfulness: A Lesson in Statutory Interpretation

Cheek v. United States, 498 U.S. 192 (1991)

Ratzlaf v. United States, 510 U.S. 135 (1994)

Bryan v. United States, 524 U.S. 184 (1998)

CHAPTER 9. ACTUS REUS

A. In General

Robinson v. California, 370 U.S. 660 (1962)

Powell v. Texas, 392 U.S. 514 (1968)

State v. Baker, 571 P.2d 65 (Kan. App. 1977)

State v. Hinkle, 489 S.E.2d 257 (W. Va. 1996)

People v. Decina, 138 N.E.2d 799 (N.Y. 1956)

B. Failure to Act

Jones v. United States, 308 F.2d 307 (D.C. Cir. 1962)

Davis v. Commonwealth, 335 S.E.2d 375 (Va. 1985)

Commonwealth v. Cali, 141 N.E. 510 (Mass. 1923)

CHAPTER 10. INTOXICATION

State v. Coates, 735 P.2d 64 (Wash. 1987)

State v. Cameron, 514 A.2d 1302 (N.J. 1986)

People v. Register, 457 N.E.2d 704 (N.Y. 1983)

Montana v. Egelhoff, 518 U.S. 37 (1996)

CHAPTER 11. INFANCY

J.F.B. v. State, 729 So. 2d 355 (Ala. Crim. App. 1998)

Maddox v. State, 931 S.W.2d 438 (Ark. 1996)

Butler v. State, 922 S.W.2d 685 (Ark. 1996)

Commonwealth v. Kocher, 602 A.2d 1308 (Pa. 1992)

CHAPTER 12. DURESS AND NECESSITY

A. Duress

People v. Carradine, 287 N.E.2d 670 (Ill. 1972)

State v. Toscano, 378 A.2d 755 (N.J. 1977)

State v. Tuttle, 730 P.2d 630 (Utah 1986)

Problem: United States v. Contento-Pachon, 723 F.2d 691 (9th Cir. 1984)

B. Necessity

People v. Archer, 537 N.Y.S.2d 726 (City Ct. Rochester 1988)

Gerlach v. State, 699 P.2d 358 (Alaska App. 1985)

State v. Tate, 505 A.2d 941 (N.J. 1986)

People v. Blake, 522 N.E.2d 822 (Ill. App. 1988)

Problem: Regina v. Dudley and Stephens, 15 Cox Crim. Cas. 624 (Q.B. 1884)

CHAPTER 13. ENTRAPMENT

Sherman v. United States, 356 U.S. 369 (1958)

Jacobson v. United States, 503 U.S. 540 (1992)

State v. Powell, 726 P.2d 266 (Haw. 1986)

United States v. Gamble, 737 F.2d 853 (10th Cir. 1984)

CHAPTER 14. INSANITY

United States v. Lyons, 731 F.2d 243, 739 F.2d 994 (5th Cir. 1984)

State v. Cameron, 674 P.2d 650 (Wash. 1983)

Problem: State v. Jones, 920 P.2d 225 (Wash. App. Div. 3 1996)

State v. Herrera, 895 P.2d 359 (Utah 1995)

Problem: People v. Wetmore, 583 P.2d 1308 (Cal. 1978)

Ford v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 399 (1986)

Problem

CHAPTER 15. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Godfrey v. Georgia, 446 U.S. 420 (1980)

Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)

Problem: Sumner v. Shuman, 483 U.S. 66 (1987)

Problem: California v. Brown, 479 U.S. 538 (1987)

Problem

CHAPTER 16. BURDEN OF PROOF AND PRESUMPTIONS

A. Burden of Proof

In re Winship, 397 U.S. 358 (1970)

Victor v. Nebraska, 511 U.S. 1 (1994)

B. Shifting the Burden

Patterson v. New York, 432 U.S. 197 (1977)

Martin v. Ohio, 480 U.S. 228 (1987)

C. Presumptions

Sandstrom v. Montana, 442 U.S. 510 (1979)

Montana v. Egelhoff, 518 U.S. 37 (1996)

CHAPTER 17. ATTEMPT

A. Mens Rea

Smallwood v. State, 680 A.2d 512 (Md. 1996)

People v. Thomas, 729 P.2d 972 (Colo. 1986)

State v. Stewart, 420 N.W.2d 44 (Wis. 1988)

B. Actus Reus

People v. Rizzo, 158 N.E. 888 (N.Y. 1927)

McQuirter v. State, 63 So. 2d 388 (Ala. App. 1953)

State v. Stewart, 420 N.W.2d 44 (Wis. 1988)

United States v. Still, 850 F.2d 607 (9th Cir. 1988)

State v. Davis, 6 S.W.2d 609 (Mo. 1928)

C. Abandonment

State v. Gartlan, 512 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. App. 1999)

People v. Johnson, 750 P.2d 72 (Colo. App. 1987)