Understanding Juvenile Law, Fourth Edition (2014)

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This Understanding treatise discusses the various bodies of law in relation to a fundamental issue permeating the entire field of juvenile law: the extent to which the law should protect young people rather than recognize them as autonomous persons. While the law traditionally adopted a protectionist posture, recent legal developments appear to recognize autonomy rights of adolescents in certain contexts. These developments are praised by some commentators who advocate wholesale rejection of the paternalistic model in favor of a system that treats adolescents as full-fledged persons under the law. This book does not advocate any particular resolution of the current debate about the nature of the rights of young people; rather, it suggests that sensitivity to the issues and arguments entailed in that debate is essential to any true understanding of the present state of juvenile law.

With these concerns in mind, Understanding Juvenile Law begins with a general discussion of the nature of the rights of juveniles and the perception that young people constitute a unique class under the law. This theoretical introduction will serve as a background for subsequent discussion of juvenile law doctrine. The discussion separates aspects of juvenile law arising outside the juvenile justice system (defined in this text as the system of separate courts organized to deal with "delinquents" and "status offenders") from those arising within that system. This division is created as a useful means of organizing the doctrinal material, given the extensive body of rules that govern the juvenile justice system. Moreover, this organization permits the juvenile justice section to stand by itself as an independent text for students in courses that cover only that aspect of juvenile law.

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Table of Contents

Part One: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 MINORITY AS A LEGAL STATUS
1.01 OVERVIEW
1.02 DISTINGUISHING MINORS FROM ADULTS

Chapter 2: THE RIGHTS OF JUVENILES
2.01 OVERVIEW
2.03 THE PERSONHOOD THEORY
2.04 ACCOMMODATION OF PROTECTIONIST AND PERSONHOOD

Part Two: OUTSIDE THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

Chapter 3: THE CHILD AND THE FAMILY
3.01 GENERAL BACKGROUND
3.03 PARENTAL NEGLECT
3.04 ADOPTION
3.05 INHERITANCE
3.06 CHILD CUSTODY

Chapter 4: CHILD ABUSE
4.01 OVERVIEW
4.02 CHILD ABUSE LEGISLATION
4.03 THE JUDICIAL PROCESS
4.04 CRIMINAL OR CIVIL ALTERNATIVES

Chapter 5: PRIVATE LAW ISSUES OUTSIDE THE FAMILY
5.01 OVERVIEW
5.02 LITIGATION ISSUES
5.03 CONTRACTS
5.04 TORTS
5.05 PROPERTY
5.06 MAKING A WILL
5.07 EMPLOYMENT

Chapter 6: CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS
6.01 OVERVIEW
6.02 THE EARLY CASES: MEYER AND PIERCE
6.03 THE FIRST AMENDMENT
6.04 THE FOURTH AMENDMENT
6.05 THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT
[A] In School: Corporal Punishment
[B] Outside School: Capital Punishment
6.06 THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT
6.07 SUMMARY

Part Three: THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

Chapter 7: THE JUVENILE COURT MOVEMENT
7.01 OVERVIEW
7.02 THE EMERGENCE OF JUVENILE COURTS
7.03 SUPREME COURT OVERSIGHT

Chapter 8: JURISDICTION
8.01 OVERVIEW
8.02 AGE
8.03 DELINQUENCY
8.04 STATUS OFFENSES

Chapter 9: THE PRE-ADJUDICATION PROCESS
9.01 OVERVIEW
9.02 POLICE INVESTIGATION
9.03 INTAKE AND DIVERSION
9.05 JUDICIAL WAIVER OF JURISDICTION

Chapter 10: ADJUDICATION
10.01 OVERVIEW
10.02 DELINQUENCY
10.03 STATUS OFFENSES

Chapter 11: DISPOSITIONS
11.01 OVERVIEW
11.02 HEARING PROCEDURES
11.04 STATUS OFFENDERS
11.05 APPEALS

Chapter 12: THE FUTURE OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
12.01 OVERVIEW
12.02 DELINQUENCY
12.03 STATUS OFFENSES

TABLE OF CASES

INDEX