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Practical Jury Dynamics2

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Practical Jury Dynamics2 combines Practical Jury Dynamics with the 2005 and 2006 supplements (Jury Thinking and Juror Competency, Juror Compassion) and also includes new, valuable material.

The organization of Practical Jury Dynamics2 is designed to encourage more attention to three neglected parts of a Juror’s Trial World, in a three-part sequence:

* The Bio-physiology of a Juror’s Brain (What are a juror’s mental tools and limits?)
* The Social Psychology of a Juror’s Perceptions (How does a juror make sense of and evaluate the behaviors of other people?)
* The Effects of Group Dynamics on a Juror’s Vote (What happens when a juror becomes part of a group?)

Whether you are a trial practitioner or someone simply interested in the mysteries of juries, Practical Jury Dynamics2 will cause you to rethink your assumptions.

Topics Include:

* What Really Matters to Deliberating Juries
* A Juror’s TiVo® Mind
* The Electronic-Mediated Juror
* Juror Flipping and Regret
* Thinking Unaware
* Social Memory Contamination
* Mars and Venus Deliberate
* Deadlock Phobia
* Toxic Forepersons, Bailiffs, Jurors
* Uncovering a Juror’s Prosocial Helping
* The Velcro® Effect
* Faulty Norms of Deciding and Deliberating
* Social Loafing in the Juryroom
* Why Good Jurors Protect Bad Jurors


For more information on this title, visit the Practical Jury Dynamics landing page.

Authors / Contributors

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Foreword

10 Practical Features of this Book


Prologue

Forethoughts to the Second Edition


PART I: STUDYING JURORS

Chapter 1. KNOWING JURORS

1-1. Three Jury Epiphanies

1-2. The Mystery of Jury Deliberations

1-3. The Problems of Jury Research


PART II: THE BIO-PHYSIOLOGY OF A JUROR’S BRAIN

Chapter 2. THE MIND IS A CRAZY QUILT

2-1. The Crowd Living in a Juror’s Mind

2-2. How a Juror Becomes Aware of a “Fact.”

2-3. Juror Listening and Attention Errors

2-4. Biological Basis for Attention


Chapter 3. “TRIALS” ARE IN THE BRAINS OF THE BEHOLDERS

3-1. The Influence of Color Perception

3-2. Remembering and Forgetting


Chapter 4. RIGHT MIND/LEFT MIND? HOW OUR BRAIN’S HEMISPHERES REALLY FUNCTION

4-1. Right Mind/Left Mind

4-2. Regions of the Brain That Process Language


Chapter 5. FROM JUROR-COGNITION TO JUROR-EMOTION

5-1. The Purpose of Emotions in Human Survival

5-2. Physiology of Jurors’ Emotions When They Judge Other People’s Behaviors

5-3. How Emotional Arousal Impacts Juror Thinking about Other People

5-4. The Vividness Effect: Sensual Persuasion

5-5. The Velcro® Effect

5-6. The Effects of Juror Mood on Juror Reasoning

5-7. Deliberating Under the Influence of Stress

5-8. The Effect of Stress on Citizens Selected for Jury Duty

5-9. Anxiety: A Traveling Companion of Juror Stress

5-10. The Effect of Sleep Debt on Juror Competency


Chapter 6. BELIEFS AND THINKING

6-1. Biology of Beliefs

6-2. A Juror’s TiVo® Mind

6-3. Religious Beliefs

6-4. The God Factor

6-5. Differences that Make a Difference in Juror Thinking

6-6. Juror Thinking about God and Science


Chapter 7. THINKING UNAWARE

7-1. Blink

7-2. Mental Leaps


PART III: THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF A JUROR’S PERCEPTIONS

Chapter 8. FROM A FOCUS ON SELLING TOWARDS A FOCUS ON BUYING

8-1. Information Anxiety

8-2. Creating Empty Spaces as Evidence

8-3. Toxic Language


Chapter 9. HOW THE JUROR’S BRAIN TALKS TO ITSELF DURING TRIAL

9-1. Mental Filters and Misperceptions

9-2. Social Perception: What a Juror Sees Is What You Get

9-3. Mental Short-Cuts a Juror Uses in Perception

9-4. The Influence of Juror Categories and Schemas


Chapter 10. A JUROR’S SOCIAL THINKING: How a Juror Makes Sense of the Behaviors of Other People

10-1. Social Thinking and Juror Decision Making

10-2. Juror Attributions

10-3. The Effect of Novel Events

10-4. Fundamental Attribution Error

10-5. False Consensus Error

10-6. False Uniqueness Error

10-7. Attributions of Blame

10-8. Locus of Control

10-9. Cracked Perceptual Lenses

10-10. A Practical Approach to Gaining Access to Juror Attitudes


Chapter 11. THE DILEMMA OF A JUROR’S UN-THINKING TASK

11-1. Intrusive Thoughts

11-2. Controlled Un-Believing

11-3. A Juror’s Cognitive Load

11-4. The Bad Experience Closet

11-5. The Set-it-Aside Agenda


Chapter 12. IMPERFECT THINKING

12-1. Machine-Thinking

12-2. Wabi-Sabi Minds

12-3. Thinking in Paradox


Chapter 13. SYMBOLIC THINKING

13-1. God Words and Devil Words

13-2. Metaphor and Thought


PART IV: THE EFFECTS OF GROUP DYNAMICS ON A JUROR’S VOTE

Chapter 14. THE WORK OF JURY WORK: WHEN INDIVIDUAL JURORS
BECOME A GROUP

14-1. The Faulty Norms of Jury Deliberations

14-2. Changing the Way Jurors Deliberate


Chapter 15. SOCIAL VERDICTS (THE RELATIONAL SIDE OF JURY DECISION-MAKING)

15-1. Symbolic Convergence Theory: Groups and Fantasies

15-2. Social Opinions

15-3. Social Cliques

15-4. Primary Tension and Secondary Tension: What Blocks the Jury’s Task?

15-5. Mars and Venus Deliberate--Gender in the Jury Room

15-6. Salads, Stews, and Surprising Effects of Juror Diversity


Chapter 16. EMOTIONAL DELIBERATIONS

16-1. Emotional Persuasion

16-2. Laughing on the Road to a Verdict

16-3. Effects of Emotion on Juror Mood

16-4. Emotional Argument

16-5. Angry Argument: All People Are Afraid of the Anger of Others

16-6. Emotional Pollution

16-7. Groupmood


Chapter 17. JUROR COMPETENCY

17-1. A Juror’s Trial Task (Competent to do what, exactly?)

17-2. Juiced Jurors

17-3. Multitasking Jurors

17-4. Fluctuating Competency

17-5. Juror Accommodation


Chapter 18. JUROR COMPASSION

18-1. Compassion in the Courtroom

18-2. Measuring Compassion


Chapter 19. THE SHADOW SIDE OF JURY DECISION MAKING

19-1. Grouphate

19-2. Social Loafing

19-3. Missing in Action! Jurors Who Disappear in the Jury Room

19-4. Toxic Jurors

19-5. Seizing Speaking Turns

19-6. What Really Happens When One Juror Leaves the Room

19-7. Improperly Speculating

19-8. Ignoring Misconduct of Fellow Jurors

19-9. The Shadow Side of Jury Leadership

19-10. The Consensus Disease


Chapter 20. DECISIONAL REGRET IN THE JURY ROOM

20-1. Juror Overconfidence

20-2. Counterfactual Thinking: Changing the Facts

20-3. Woulda/Coulda/Shoulda Minefields

20-4. Why Deliberations Are a Set-Up for Woulda/Coulda/Shoulda Thinking

20-5. A Storied Theory of Jury Deliberations

20-6. Regret Contagion, GroupRegret, and Decisional Avoidance

20-7. Story Plugs


20-8. Coherence-Based Reasoning Theory


Chapter 21. RE-THINKING

21-1. Juror Flipping

21-2. Ignoring Regret

21-3. If-Only Thinking

21-4. Binge-Think


Chapter 22. STORY-THINKING AND FANTASIES DURING DELIBERATIONS

23-1. The Storymaking-Mind of a Juror

22-2. Story Battles in Deliberation

22-3. Opening the Jury Room’s Door: Making Sense of the Story Battles

22-4. Storytelling Functions in Deliberations

22-5. When Fantasies Collide: Symbolic Convergence Theory and Jury Decision Making

22-6. Story Strategies for Attorneys


Chapter 23. JURY-JOINING

23-1. Collaborative Dialogues: How to Discuss What Matters Most

23-2. Non-Question Voir Dire

23-3. Collaborating on Solutions

23-4. Collaborative Challenges for Cause

23-5. Collaborative Closing Arguments


Chapter 24. OPENING WINDOWS TO THE BLACK BOX OF JURY DELIBERATIONS

24-1. Curing Ignorance about Jurors’ Rights

24-2. Reasons Jurors Think They Shouldn’t Communicate with the Judge

24-3. Gaining An Ear to the Jury Wall

24-4. Why Jurors Protect Bad Jurors

24-5. Toxic Bailiffs: The Virus Every Jury Is Exposed To

24-6. Exposing the Myths of Juries and Jurors


PART V: TRIAL CULTURE

Chapter 25 NEW TOOLS FOR EVERY TRIAL

25-1. How a Juror Listens to an Expert’s Opinion

25-2. Organizing Juror Information

25-3. Jury Markers

25-4. Practical Juror Motions

25-5. Tools for Learning About Jury Pools


Chapter 26. STRUCTURES THAT INFLUENCE THINKING

26-1. Jury Studies: Updates

26-2. Jury Reform


Chapter 27. THINKING UPSIDE DOWN

27-1. When Jurors Rebut Your Closing

27-2. PlayingAttention with the Final Act of Jurying


Chapter 28. PAYING ATTENTION TO THE COMPLEX CULTURE OF TRIALS

28-1. Enculturation: How Jurors Get Sucked Into a Strange System

28-2. Twenty Stressful Realities of a Juror’s Experience


Chapter 29. THE ELECTRONIC-MEDIATED JUROR

29-1. The Google™ Effect

29-2. Cell Phones

29-3. Social Network Sites as Unconfronted Trial Evidence

29-4. The Blog Effect


Chapter 30. REDUCING TOXIC TRIAL STRESS

30-1. Avoiding The Helper’s Pit

30-2. Empathy-Driven versus Distress-Driven Advocacy

30-3. Ever Aftering, in Practical Ways

30-3(a). The Janus Effect


APPENDICES: RESOURCES, BOOKS, MATERIALS, TOOLS

Principles For Juries And Jury Trials, American Jury Project

Principle 1 -- The Right To Jury Trial Shall Be Preserved

Principle 2 -- Citizens Have The Right To Participate In Jury Service And Their Service Should Be Facilitated

Principle 3 -- Juries Should Have 12 Members

Principle 4 -- Jury Decisions Should Be Unanimous

Principle 5 -- It Is The Duty Of The Courts To Enforce And Protect The Rights To Jury Trial And Jury Service

Principle 6 -- Courts Should Educate Jurors Regarding The Essential Aspects Of A Jury Trial

Principle 7 -- Courts Should Protect Juror Privacy Insofar As Consistent With The Requirements Of Justice And The Public Interest

Principle 8 -- Individuals Selected To Serve On A Jury Have An Ongoing Interest In Completing Their Service

Principle 9 -- Courts Should Conduct Jury Trials In The Venue Required By Applicable Law Or The Interests Of Justice

Principle 10 -- Courts Should Use Open, Fair And Flexible Procedures To Select A Representative Pool Of
Prospective Jurors

Principle 11 -- Courts Should Ensure That The Process Used To Empanel Jurors Effectively Serves The Goal Of Assembling A Fair And Impartial Jury

Principle 12 -- Courts Should Limit The Length Of Jury Trials Insofar As Justice Allows And Jurors Should Be Fully Informed Of The Trial Schedule Established

Principle 13 -- The Court And Parties Should Vigorously Promote Juror Understanding Of The Facts And The Law

Principle 14 --The Court Should Instruct The Jury In Plain And Understandable Language Regarding The
Applicable Law And The Conduct Of Deliberations

Principle 15 -- Courts And Parties Have A Duty To Facilitate Effective And Impartial Deliberations

Principle 16 -- Deliberating Jurors Should Be Offered Assistance When An Apparent Impasse Is Reported

Principle 17 -- Trial And Appellate Courts Should Afford Jury Decisions The Greatest Deference Consistent
With Law

Principle 18 -- Courts Should Give Jurors Legally Permissible Post-Verdict Advice And Information

Principle 19 -- Appropriate Inquiries Into Allegations Of Juror Misconduct Should Be Promptly Undertaken By The Trial Court


Resources and Tools
  
Browse the Stacks

Gratitudes

Who Is the Author?

Endnotes

Index