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Criminal Procedure for Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Professionals 12th Edition with CD

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Criminal Procedure expert Larry E. Holtz, Esq., presents a new and innovative approach to the study of modern constitutional criminal procedure. In this comprehensive volume, the classical and current United States Supreme Court and federal circuit court decisions are presented and explored in a distinctive Question - Answer - Rationale format, through which Mr. Holtz removes the guesswork in, and tedious search for, "today's law". He also has noted those specific areas of state court departure, wherein many state courts, through the process of what is sometimes called "New Federalism", rely on their own constitutions to provide state citizens with added protection to their rights and liberties. This is an officer’s, attorney's or law/criminal justice student's or professor's one-stop reference for the Laws of Arrest, Search and Seizure, Confession Law, and Eyewitness Identification.


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Authors / Contributors

Table of Contents

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS

Page
PREFACE ..................................................................................................... iii

ABOUT THE AUTHOR ................................................................................. v

HOLTZ LEARNING CENTERS ................................................................... vi

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS ........................................................................ ix

DETAILED ANALYSIS OF CONTENTS ................................................. xiii

READING GUIDE ................................................................................... xxxix

PART I
ARREST, SEARCH AND SEIZURE

CHAPTER 1. ARREST .................................................................... 1

Section

1.1 Introduction ........................................................................ 1 1.2 Probable cause requirement ............................................ 13

1.3 Arrest with warrant ......................................................... 31

1.4 Arrest without warrant .................................................... 38

1.5 Entry of a dwelling to effect an arrest ............................. 49

1.6 Use of force to effect arrest............................................... 71

1.7 Substantive and procedural due process of law .............. 96

(a) Substantive due process ....................................... 97

(b) Procedural due process ....................................... 104


CHAPTER 2. SEARCH WARRANTS
........................................ 109


2.1 Introduction: The written warrant requirement .......... 109

2.2 Judicial requirements..................................................... 113

(a) The neutral and detached magistrate ............... 116

(b) The Oath or affirmation ..................................... 119

2.3 The probable cause requirement ................................... 120

(a) Sources of information ........................................ 120

(b) The totality-of-the&45circumstances test ............... 125

(c) Staleness .............................................................. 140

(d) Anticipatory search warrants............................. 143

(e) Attacking the sufficiency or integrity
of the affidavit ..................................................... 148

2.4 The particularity requirement ....................................... 154

(a) The places to be searched ................................... 155

(b) The things to be seized ....................................... 164


Summary of Contents

2.5 Warrant execution .......................................................... 170

(a) Time ..................................................................... 172

(b) Entry .................................................................... 172

(c) Scope of the search .............................................. 190

(d) Search warrant return ........................................ 217

2.6 Telephonic search warrants ........................................... 219


CHAPTER 3. EXCEPTIONS TO THE WRITTEN
WARRANT REQUIREMENT
......................... 227

3.1 Introduction .................................................................... 227

3.2 Search incident to a lawful arrest ................................. 228

(a) The person of the arrestee and the area
within his immediate control ............................. 228

(b) Motor vehicle searches incident to arrest .......... 261

3.3 Exigent circumstances.................................................... 270

(a) Easily lost or destroyed evidence ....................... 291

(b) Dangerous weapons or instrumentalities .......... 313

functions .............................................................. 317

3.4 Impounded vehicles and inventory searches ................ 321

3.5 Motor vehicles: The "automobile exception" ................. 329

3.6 Consent ............................................................................ 369

(a) Introduction ......................................................... 369

(b) Voluntariness ...................................................... 372

(c) Third parties: Common and apparent
authority .............................................................. 383

(d) Scope of consent .................................................. 407


CHAPTER 4. PRIVACY EXPECTATIONS: THE
LIMITS OF CONSTITUTIONAL
PROTECTION
................................................... 419

4.1 Privacy expectations ....................................................... 419

4.2 Open fields ...................................................................... 449

4.3 Plain view ........................................................................ 456

4.4 Abandonment .................................................................. 490


CHAPTER 5. NON-GOVERNMENTAL SEARCHES ............. 503

5.1 Cases and materials ....................................................... 503


CHAPTER 6. REGULATORY AND ADMINISTRATIVE
SEARCHES; BORDER SEARCHES
............. 515

6.1 Regulatory and administrative searches ...................... 515

6.2 Border searches .............................................................. 549


Summary of Contents


CHAPTER 7. FIRE SCENES ...................................................... 555

7.1 The warrant requirement and fire-scene entries ......... 555

7.2 Warrantless entries at the scene of a fire ..................... 563


CHAPTER 8. INVESTIGATIVE DETENTIONS;
STOP AND FRISK
............................................ 567

8.1 Introduction .................................................................... 567

8.2 Investigative detentions of persons ............................... 570

(a) The point at which a "seizure" occurs ................ 570

(b) The "Terry stop" .................................................. 592

(c) Transporting suspects......................................... 609

(d) The "Terry frisk" .................................................. 615

8.3 Investigative detentions of vehicles............................... 639

(a) Introduction ......................................................... 639

(b) Roadblocks/highway checkpoints ....................... 647

(c) Motor vehicle stops and the "reasonable
articulable suspicion" requirement .................... 660

(d) Removing drivers or passengers from
the motor vehicle ................................................ 680

(e) The "Terry frisk" of the vehicle’s passenger
compartment ....................................................... 693

8.4 Investigative detentions of property.............................. 698


CHAPTER 9. THE INDEPENDENT SOURCE
DOCTRINE AND THE INEVITABLE
DISCOVERY RULE
......................................... 719

9.1 Cases and materials ....................................................... 719


CHAPTER 10. GOOD FAITH AND THE
EXCLUSIONARY RULE
................................. 725

10.1 Cases and materials ....................................................... 725


PART II

INTERVIEWS AND CONFESSIONS;
EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION; AND
THE SIXTH AMENDMENT RIGHTS TO
COUNSEL AND CONFRONTATION



CHAPTER 11. INTERVIEWS; CONFESSIONS; AND
MIRANDA
.......................................................... 745

11.1 Introduction .................................................................... 745

11.2 Interviews and confessions ............................................ 749

Summary of Contents


(a) Preliminary issues .............................................. 750

(b) What constitutes custody? .................................. 751

(c) What constitutes interrogation? ........................ 760

11.3 Miranda ........................................................................... 781

(a) Administration; when to advise ......................... 781

(b) Miranda and motor vehicle offenses .................. 794

(c) Public safety exception ....................................... 807

(d) Impeachment exception ...................................... 809

11.4 Events surrounding the interrogation process ............. 812

(a) Invocation of rights ............................................. 812

(1) The right to remain silent ......................... 813

(2) The right to counsel ................................... 817

(b) Waiver of rights ................................................... 849

(1) Illegal detention ......................................... 874

(2) Outside influences ..................................... 882


CHAPTER 12. EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION................... 893

12.1 Introduction .................................................................... 893

12.2 Preliminary issues .......................................................... 895

12.3 Showups and lineups ...................................................... 899

(a) Showups ............................................................... 899

(b) Lineups ................................................................ 905

12.4 Photo arrays .................................................................... 915


PART III

ADDENDA



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ......................... 929

CURRENT JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT
OF THE UNITED STATES .............................................................. 947

GLOSSARY OF TERMS FREQUENTLY USED IN
CASE LAW ANALYSIS .................................................................... 949

TABLE OF CASES................................................................................... 957

INDEX ........................................................................................................ 997