Civil Rights Legislation: Cases and Materials

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6th Edition
ISBN: 9781630440077
Published: July 18, 2014
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The Sixth Edition of Civil Rights Legislation includes:
•  The latest materials on the basic principles of section 1983 and the Bivens doctrine (including Minneci v. Pollard, Van de Kamp v. Goldstein, Skinner v. Switzer)
•  Issues related to pleading standards (including Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, Ashcroft v. Iqbal)
•  Treatment of qualified immunity (including Safford Unified School District #1 v. Redding, Pearson v. Callahan, Ortiz v. Jordan)
•  Issues related to municipal liability (including Connick v. Thompson, Los Angeles County v. Humphries)
•  Issues arising from federal habeas corpus (including McQuiggin v. Perkins, Chaidez v. United States, Magwood v. Patterson)
•  Recent treatment of federal court abstention (including Sprint Communications, Inc. v. Jacobs)
•  Remedies for violations of constitutional rights (including Perdue v. Kenny A., Brown v. Plata)
•  Developments under section 1981 (including CBOCS West, Inc. v. Humphries)
•  Developments under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (including Vance v. Ball State University, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes)
•  Recent treatment of the Americans with Disabilities Act in district and appellate courts

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Table of Contents

PART ONE: CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION TO PROTECT CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND . . . 3
A. A BRIEF HISTORY OF FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVITY . . . 3
B. THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, THE BLACK CODES, AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 . . . 11
C. THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT AND ITS EARLY DEVELOPMENT . . . 24

CHAPTER 2. THE SECTION 1983 CAUSE OF ACTION . . . 61
A." . . . RIGHTS, PRIVILEGES, OR IMMUNITIES SECURED BY THE CONSTITUTION . . ." . . . 61
B. "UNDER COLOR OF" LAW . . . 67
C. THE SCOPE OF SECTION 1983 AFTER MONROE v. PAPE . . . 100
D. ACTIONS AGAINST FEDERAL OFFICIALS . . . 146
E. THE REALITY OF CONSTITUTIONAL TORT CLAIMS . . . 170

CHAPTER 3. DEFENSES AND IMMUNITIES OF INDIVIDUALS . . . 183
A. LEGISLATIVE IMMUNITY . . . 183
B. JUDICIAL AND PROSECUTORIAL IMMUNITY . . . 208
C. QUALIFIED IMMUNITY FOR MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH . . . 245
D. SUPERVISORY LIABILITY UNDER SECTION 1983 . . . 275

CHAPTER 4. DEFENSES AND IMMUNITIES OF GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES . . . 285
A. LIABILITY OF MUNICIPALITIES . . . 285
B. SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY . . . 335

CHAPTER 5. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STATE AND FEDERAL COURTS IN CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIONS . . . 427
A. FEDERAL HABEAS CORPUS . . . 427
B. EXHAUSTION OF REMEDIES IN CIVIL RIGHTS CASES . . . 498
C. RES JUDICATA AND SECTION 1983 . . . 517
D. THE FLOOD OF FEDERAL COURT PRISONER CASES . . . 537
E. ABSTENTION . . . 547
F. THE DOCTRINE OF YOUNGER v. HARRIS . . . 556

CHAPTER 6. REMEDIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS . . . 591
A. DAMAGES . . . 591
B. ATTORNEY FEES . . . 598
C. STATE LAW IN FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS CASES . . . 618
D. EQUITABLE RELIEF . . . 645

CHAPTER 7. ADDITIONAL STATUTORY REMEDIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS . . . 715
A. CRIMINAL SANCTIONS AGAINST OFFICIAL MISCONDUCT . . . 715
B. SANCTIONS AGAINST PRIVATE MISCONDUCT . . . 735

PART TWO: LEGISLATION ESTABLISHING RIGHTS BEYOND THOSE PROTECTED BY THE CONSTITUTION

CHAPTER 8. PROVISIONS PERTAINING TO HOUSING AND CONTRACTUAL RELATIONS . . . 819
A. SECTIONS 1981 AND 1982 . . . 819
B. THE FAIR HOUSING ACT . . . 867
C. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IN GOVERNMENTAL CONTRACTUAL RELATIONS . . . 902

CHAPTER 9. DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT . . . 933
A. ESTABLISHING A PRIMA FACIE VIOLATION OF TITLE VII . . . 933
B. SEX DISCRIMINATION AND TITLE VII . . . 1043
C. ACCOMMODATING RELIGIOUS BELIEFS . . . 1120
D. REMEDIES AND TITLE VII . . . 1130
E. PROCEDURE UNDER TITLE VII . . . 1188
F. COORDINATING MODERN AND AGED CIVIL RIGHTS STATUTES . . . 1196
G. AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT . . . 1203

CHAPTER 10. DISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS . . . 1229
A. TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 . . . 1229
B. TITLE IX: SEX DISCRIMINATION . . . 1272
C. BILINGUAL EDUCATION . . . 1289
D. AGE DISCRIMINATION ACT OF 1975 . . . 1303

CHAPTER 11. FEDERAL LAWS PROTECTING THE HANDICAPPED . . . 1305
A. EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION UNDER THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT . . . 1305
B. DISCRIMINATION IN PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND HOUSING . . . 1360
C. THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973 AND THE ADA'S PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION BY PUBLIC ENTITIES . . . 1375
D. THE EDUCATION OF HANDICAPPED CHILDREN . . . 1396

Table of Statutes . . . TS-1
Table of Cases . . . TC-1
Index . . . I-1